Lead-free AgNbO3 anti-ferroelectric ceramics with an enhanced energy storage performance using MnO2 modification

Lei Zhao, Qing Liu, Shujun Zhang, Jing Feng Li

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138 Scopus citations


Dielectric ceramic materials have been actively studied for advanced pulsed power capacitor applications. Despite the good properties obtained in lead-based ceramics, lead-free counterparts are highly desired due to environmental regulations. This study revealed the potential of AgNbO3 to be a promising lead-free ceramic for energy storage applications. AgNbO3 ceramics fabricated using a conventional solid-state reaction method under an O2 atmosphere show a characteristic anti-ferroelectric (AFE) double hysteresis loop at an electric field of >130 kV cm-1, with a peak recoverable energy storage density (Wrec) of 1.6 J cm-3 at 140 kV cm-1. In addition, the incorporation of MnO2 into AgNbO3 can further increase Wrec, exceeding 2.3 J cm-3 at 150 kV cm-1 by the reduction of the remnant polarization, which is due to the enhanced AFE stability induced by the addition of MnO2. Of particular importance is that the 0.1 wt% MnO2-doped AgNbO3 ceramics were found to possess a good thermal stability with Wrec = 2.5-2.9 J cm-3 over a temperature range of 20-180 °C at 150 kV cm-1 and 1 Hz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8380-8384
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number36
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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