Leaf photosynthesis and leaf conductance of maize grown hydroponically and in soil under field conditions

Jose Fuentes, K. M. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine, under field conditions, whether maize (Zea mays L.) plants grown hydroponically and in soil exhibit different stomatal conductance due to nutrient status and rooting media, and whether high photosynthetic rates are associated with high crop yields. Leaf net photosynthesis and leaf conductance to CO2 were measured in maize between tasseling and crop maturity during the summer of 1986, using a closed gas-exchange system. No difference in net photosynthesis per unit leaf area was found between the soil- and hydroponically-grown plants. There was a linear relationship between net leaf photosynthesis and leaf conductance. On a given day, this relationship was similar in both the hydroponically- and soil-grown plants. The ratio of leaf intercellular CO2 concentration to ambient CO2 concentration was similar in both treatments, indicating similar values of water-use efficiency. The net photosynthesis in both treatments was reduced by 40% after two consecutive cool nights, with air temperatures <3°C. Observed leaf photosynthetic rates per unit leaf area were almost identical in both the hydroponically- and soil-grown plants, despite a 25% higher final dry matter yield in the hydroponic treatment. One factor contributing to the increased dry mater production may have been the larger leaf area developed by the hydroponically-grown plants early in the season.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume45
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

Fingerprint

leaf conductance
photosynthesis
maize
corn
leaf area
leaves
soil
hydroponics
water use efficiency
gas exchange
stomatal conductance
crop yield
rooting
air temperature
Zea mays
dry matter
summer
nutrients
crops
crop

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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abstract = "This study was undertaken to determine, under field conditions, whether maize (Zea mays L.) plants grown hydroponically and in soil exhibit different stomatal conductance due to nutrient status and rooting media, and whether high photosynthetic rates are associated with high crop yields. Leaf net photosynthesis and leaf conductance to CO2 were measured in maize between tasseling and crop maturity during the summer of 1986, using a closed gas-exchange system. No difference in net photosynthesis per unit leaf area was found between the soil- and hydroponically-grown plants. There was a linear relationship between net leaf photosynthesis and leaf conductance. On a given day, this relationship was similar in both the hydroponically- and soil-grown plants. The ratio of leaf intercellular CO2 concentration to ambient CO2 concentration was similar in both treatments, indicating similar values of water-use efficiency. The net photosynthesis in both treatments was reduced by 40{\%} after two consecutive cool nights, with air temperatures <3°C. Observed leaf photosynthetic rates per unit leaf area were almost identical in both the hydroponically- and soil-grown plants, despite a 25{\%} higher final dry matter yield in the hydroponic treatment. One factor contributing to the increased dry mater production may have been the larger leaf area developed by the hydroponically-grown plants early in the season.",
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Leaf photosynthesis and leaf conductance of maize grown hydroponically and in soil under field conditions. / Fuentes, Jose; King, K. M.

In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 45, No. 3-4, 01.01.1989, p. 155-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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