Leakage throughmicroscale or nanoscale cracks is usually hard to observe, difficult to control, and causes significant economic loss. In the present research, the leakage in a pipe was evaluated by the virtual entropy generation (VEG) method. In virtual entropy generation method, the "measured entropy generation" is forced to follow the "experimental second law of thermodynamics". Taking the leakage as the source virtual entropy generation, a new pipe leakage evaluation criterion was analytically derived, which indicates that the mass leakage rate should be smaller than the pressure drop rate inside a pipe. A numerical study based on computational fluid dynamics showed the existence of an unrealistic virtual entropy generation at a high mass leakage rate. Finally, the new criterion was used in the evaluation of leakage available in the literature. These results could be useful for leakage control or industry criteria design in the future.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)