Lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis

Swarnendu Sen, Soumalya Sarkar, Rajendra R. Chaudhari, Achintya Mukhopadhyay, Asok Ray

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lean combustion is preferred in combustors for cleaner emission. But, the major problem in running the combustor in lean condition is the flame blow-out, due to lower burning velocity in lean condition. To sustain lean combustion, early prediction of lean blowout (LBO) is needed. This need calls for developing new strategies to predict LBO. This work is on development of strategies based on symbolic analysis of time series data obtained from the combustor. Optical signal (CH* chemiluminescence) based time series data has been captured from a laboratory scale dump combustor. Gaseous fuel has been used at different premixing regimes to run the combustor. The time series data obtained are partitioned to different cells to get symbol strings and subsequently generate a probabilistic finite state automata (PFSA). The constructed PFSA is called D-Markov machines. These machines have a deterministic algebraic structure and the states are represented by symbol blocks of length D or less, where D is a positive integer. The estimated state probability vector is found out on the basis of number of occurrence of each symbol over a time duration. A reference state vector is calculated at a condition that is sufficiently away from the state of LBO. For a given state, the deviation of the state vector from the reference vector can be computed and used as an anomaly measure for early detection of LBO. The problem of LBO prediction is posed in a pattern classification setting and the underlying algorithms have been tested on experimental data at different extents of fuel-air premixing and fuel/air ratio. It is found that, over a wide range of fuel-air premixing, performance of D-Markov machines, as LBO predictors, is better with D > 1 than those with D = 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCombustion for Power Generation and Transportation
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology, Challenges and Prospects
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages153-167
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789811037856
ISBN (Print)9789811037849
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2017

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Time series analysis
Combustors
Time series
Finite automata
Air
Chemiluminescence
Pattern recognition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Sen, S., Sarkar, S., Chaudhari, R. R., Mukhopadhyay, A., & Ray, A. (2017). Lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis. In Combustion for Power Generation and Transportation: Technology, Challenges and Prospects (pp. 153-167). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3785-6_8
Sen, Swarnendu ; Sarkar, Soumalya ; Chaudhari, Rajendra R. ; Mukhopadhyay, Achintya ; Ray, Asok. / Lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis. Combustion for Power Generation and Transportation: Technology, Challenges and Prospects. Springer Singapore, 2017. pp. 153-167
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Sen, S, Sarkar, S, Chaudhari, RR, Mukhopadhyay, A & Ray, A 2017, Lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis. in Combustion for Power Generation and Transportation: Technology, Challenges and Prospects. Springer Singapore, pp. 153-167. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3785-6_8

Lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis. / Sen, Swarnendu; Sarkar, Soumalya; Chaudhari, Rajendra R.; Mukhopadhyay, Achintya; Ray, Asok.

Combustion for Power Generation and Transportation: Technology, Challenges and Prospects. Springer Singapore, 2017. p. 153-167.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AU - Ray, Asok

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N2 - Lean combustion is preferred in combustors for cleaner emission. But, the major problem in running the combustor in lean condition is the flame blow-out, due to lower burning velocity in lean condition. To sustain lean combustion, early prediction of lean blowout (LBO) is needed. This need calls for developing new strategies to predict LBO. This work is on development of strategies based on symbolic analysis of time series data obtained from the combustor. Optical signal (CH* chemiluminescence) based time series data has been captured from a laboratory scale dump combustor. Gaseous fuel has been used at different premixing regimes to run the combustor. The time series data obtained are partitioned to different cells to get symbol strings and subsequently generate a probabilistic finite state automata (PFSA). The constructed PFSA is called D-Markov machines. These machines have a deterministic algebraic structure and the states are represented by symbol blocks of length D or less, where D is a positive integer. The estimated state probability vector is found out on the basis of number of occurrence of each symbol over a time duration. A reference state vector is calculated at a condition that is sufficiently away from the state of LBO. For a given state, the deviation of the state vector from the reference vector can be computed and used as an anomaly measure for early detection of LBO. The problem of LBO prediction is posed in a pattern classification setting and the underlying algorithms have been tested on experimental data at different extents of fuel-air premixing and fuel/air ratio. It is found that, over a wide range of fuel-air premixing, performance of D-Markov machines, as LBO predictors, is better with D > 1 than those with D = 1.

AB - Lean combustion is preferred in combustors for cleaner emission. But, the major problem in running the combustor in lean condition is the flame blow-out, due to lower burning velocity in lean condition. To sustain lean combustion, early prediction of lean blowout (LBO) is needed. This need calls for developing new strategies to predict LBO. This work is on development of strategies based on symbolic analysis of time series data obtained from the combustor. Optical signal (CH* chemiluminescence) based time series data has been captured from a laboratory scale dump combustor. Gaseous fuel has been used at different premixing regimes to run the combustor. The time series data obtained are partitioned to different cells to get symbol strings and subsequently generate a probabilistic finite state automata (PFSA). The constructed PFSA is called D-Markov machines. These machines have a deterministic algebraic structure and the states are represented by symbol blocks of length D or less, where D is a positive integer. The estimated state probability vector is found out on the basis of number of occurrence of each symbol over a time duration. A reference state vector is calculated at a condition that is sufficiently away from the state of LBO. For a given state, the deviation of the state vector from the reference vector can be computed and used as an anomaly measure for early detection of LBO. The problem of LBO prediction is posed in a pattern classification setting and the underlying algorithms have been tested on experimental data at different extents of fuel-air premixing and fuel/air ratio. It is found that, over a wide range of fuel-air premixing, performance of D-Markov machines, as LBO predictors, is better with D > 1 than those with D = 1.

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Sen S, Sarkar S, Chaudhari RR, Mukhopadhyay A, Ray A. Lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis. In Combustion for Power Generation and Transportation: Technology, Challenges and Prospects. Springer Singapore. 2017. p. 153-167 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3785-6_8