A mathematical programming algorithm is developed for fitting ultrametric or additive trees to proximity data where external constraints are imposed on the topology of the tree. The two procedures minimize a least squares loss function. The method is illustrated on both synthetic and real data. A constrained ultrametric tree analysis was performed on similarities between 32 subjects based on preferences for ten odors, while a constrained additive tree analysis was carried out on some proximity data between kinship terms. Finally, some extensions of the methodology to other tree fitting procedures are mentioned.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)
- Psychology (miscellaneous)
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Library and Information Sciences