Lectin histochemistry of adenomatous polyps. Not a predictor of metachronous lesions

Thomas J. McGarrity, Laurie P. Peiffer, Arthur B. Abt

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Abstract

The binding characteristics of fluorescein isothiocyanate conjugated lectins to normal colonic mucosa, and 43 adenomatous polyps were studied by fluorescence microscopy. The lectin, Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA) stained intensely to upper crypt cells of the sigmoid colon and rectum but to a lesser degree to proximal colonic crypts or lower crypt cells distally. Peanut agglutinin (PNA) and Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA) did not bind to the theca of proximal or distal colonic crypts. The lectin Griffonia simplicafolia agglutinin (GSA1) bound intensely to upper and lower crypt cells of both regions. PNA binding was noted in 56% of adenomatous polyps, occurred more often in polyps of the distal colorectum, and increased with polyp size and villous histology. UEA bound to 26% of adenomatous polyps, 42% of proximal polyps, and 17% of distal polyps. DBA staining was noted in 72% of polyps without regional preference. GSA1 stained all polyp specimens. To determine if the lectin binding characteristics of an index (initial) polyp might serve as a predictor of metachronous lesions, 20 patients (29 polyps) without a history of polyps or cancer and who had at least one surveillance colonoscopy 1 to 3 years after the initial polypectomy were studied. The presence or absence of PNA, UEA, or DBA binding in an index polyp did not predict the occurrence of metachronous lesions. Five of the six patients with more than one index polyp had metachronous polyps at follow‐up surveillance colonoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1708-1713
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume64
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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