The purpose of this study was to analyze left ventricular mechanics during asynchronous, pulsatile left atrial-aortic bypass before and after microsphere injection with the pressure-volume relationship. In 14 anesthetized Holstein calves, left ventricular pressure was measured with a micromanometer and ultrasonic dimension transducers measured left ventricular orthogonal diameters. Ellipsoidal geometry was used to calculate simultaneous left ventricular volume. Contractility index, pressure-volume area, external work, and potential energy were calculated during steady-state contractions. These measurements were repeated during pulsatile left atrial-aortic bypass. To induce heart failure, we injected microspheres into the left main coronary artery, and the protocol for baseline and pulsatile left atrial-aortic bypass was repeated. Despite the significant differences in the baseline contractility index (7.4 ± 0.7 mm Hg/ml versus 4.7 ± 0.5 mm Hg/ml), contractility index remained the same during pulsatile left atrial-aortic bypass in control and heart failure modes, respectively. Pulsatile left atrialaortic bypass significantly decreased end-diastolic volume (22 % and 17 %), pressure-volume area (58 % and 48 %) and external work (74 % and 69 %, all p < 0.05) during control and heart failure measurements, respectively. However, it did not change end-systolic volume or potential energy. In conclusion, asynchronous pulsatile left atrial-aortic bypass did not affect left ventricular contractile state in either the normal or failing heart. Although decreased pressure-volume area accounts for the reduction in myocardial oxygen consumption, unchanged potential energy suggested a limited unloading of the ventricle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine