Legacy effects in material flux

Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies

Daniel J. Bain, Mark B. Green, John L. Campbell, John F. Chamblee, Sayo Chaoka, Jennifer M. Fraterrigo, Sujay S. Kaushal, Sherry L. Martin, Thomas E. Jordan, Anthony J. Parolari, William V. Sobczak, Donald E. Weller, Wilfred M. Wollheim, Emery R. Boose, Jonathan Duncan, Gretchen M. Gettel, Brian R. Hall, Praveen Kumar, Jonathan R. Thompson, James M. Vose & 2 others Emily M. Elliott, David S. Leigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Legacy effects of past land use and disturbance are increasingly recognized, yet consistent definitions of and criteria for defining them do not exist. To address this gap in biological-and ecosystem-assessment frameworks, we propose a general metric for evaluating potential legacy effects, which are computed by normalizing altered system function persistence with duration of disturbance. We also propose two distinct legacy-effect categories: signal effects from lags in transport and structural effects from physical landscape changes. Using flux records for water, sediment, nitrogen, and carbon from long-term study sites in the eastern United States from 1500 to 2000, we identify gaps in our understanding of legacy effects and reveal that changes in basin sediment dynamics precede instrumented records. These sediment dynamics are not generally incorporated into interpretations of contemporary records, although their potential legacy effects are substantial. The identification of legacy effects may prove to be a fundamental component of landscape management and effective conservation and restoration practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-584
Number of pages10
JournalBioScience
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Fingerprint

Prednisolone
Ecosystem
Nitrogen
Carbon
sediments
Water
landscape management
Eastern United States
land use
basins
duration
ecosystems
carbon
nitrogen
water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Bain, D. J., Green, M. B., Campbell, J. L., Chamblee, J. F., Chaoka, S., Fraterrigo, J. M., ... Leigh, D. S. (2012). Legacy effects in material flux: Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies. BioScience, 62(6), 575-584. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.6.8
Bain, Daniel J. ; Green, Mark B. ; Campbell, John L. ; Chamblee, John F. ; Chaoka, Sayo ; Fraterrigo, Jennifer M. ; Kaushal, Sujay S. ; Martin, Sherry L. ; Jordan, Thomas E. ; Parolari, Anthony J. ; Sobczak, William V. ; Weller, Donald E. ; Wollheim, Wilfred M. ; Boose, Emery R. ; Duncan, Jonathan ; Gettel, Gretchen M. ; Hall, Brian R. ; Kumar, Praveen ; Thompson, Jonathan R. ; Vose, James M. ; Elliott, Emily M. ; Leigh, David S. / Legacy effects in material flux : Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies. In: BioScience. 2012 ; Vol. 62, No. 6. pp. 575-584.
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Bain, DJ, Green, MB, Campbell, JL, Chamblee, JF, Chaoka, S, Fraterrigo, JM, Kaushal, SS, Martin, SL, Jordan, TE, Parolari, AJ, Sobczak, WV, Weller, DE, Wollheim, WM, Boose, ER, Duncan, J, Gettel, GM, Hall, BR, Kumar, P, Thompson, JR, Vose, JM, Elliott, EM & Leigh, DS 2012, 'Legacy effects in material flux: Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies', BioScience, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 575-584. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.6.8

Legacy effects in material flux : Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies. / Bain, Daniel J.; Green, Mark B.; Campbell, John L.; Chamblee, John F.; Chaoka, Sayo; Fraterrigo, Jennifer M.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Martin, Sherry L.; Jordan, Thomas E.; Parolari, Anthony J.; Sobczak, William V.; Weller, Donald E.; Wollheim, Wilfred M.; Boose, Emery R.; Duncan, Jonathan; Gettel, Gretchen M.; Hall, Brian R.; Kumar, Praveen; Thompson, Jonathan R.; Vose, James M.; Elliott, Emily M.; Leigh, David S.

In: BioScience, Vol. 62, No. 6, 01.06.2012, p. 575-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies

AU - Bain, Daniel J.

AU - Green, Mark B.

AU - Campbell, John L.

AU - Chamblee, John F.

AU - Chaoka, Sayo

AU - Fraterrigo, Jennifer M.

AU - Kaushal, Sujay S.

AU - Martin, Sherry L.

AU - Jordan, Thomas E.

AU - Parolari, Anthony J.

AU - Sobczak, William V.

AU - Weller, Donald E.

AU - Wollheim, Wilfred M.

AU - Boose, Emery R.

AU - Duncan, Jonathan

AU - Gettel, Gretchen M.

AU - Hall, Brian R.

AU - Kumar, Praveen

AU - Thompson, Jonathan R.

AU - Vose, James M.

AU - Elliott, Emily M.

AU - Leigh, David S.

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

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Bain DJ, Green MB, Campbell JL, Chamblee JF, Chaoka S, Fraterrigo JM et al. Legacy effects in material flux: Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies. BioScience. 2012 Jun 1;62(6):575-584. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.6.8