Leukemia Risk Associated with Benzene Exposure in the Pliofilm Cohort. II. Risk Estimates

Mary B. Paxton, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Susan M. Brett, Joseph V. Rodricks

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Abstract

The detailed work histories of the individual workers composing the Pliofilm cohort represent a unique resource for estimating the dose‐respoonse for leukemia that may follow occupational exposure to benzene. In this paper, we report the results of analyzing the updated Pliofilm cohort using the proportional hazards model, a more sophisticated technique that uses more of the available exposure data than the conditional logistic model used by Rinsky et al. The more rigorously defined exposure estimates derived by Paustenbach et al. are consistent with those of Crump and Allen in giving estimates of the slope of the leukemogenic dose‐response that are not as steep as the slope resulting from the exposure estimates of Rinsky et al. We consider estimates of 0.3‐0.5 additional leukemia deaths per thousand workers with 45 ppm‐years of cumulative benzene exposure to be the best estimates currently available of leukemia risk from occupational exposure to benzene. These risks were estimated in the proportional hazards model when the exposure estimates of Crump and Allen or of Paustenbach et al. were used to derive a cumulative concentration‐by‐time metric.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalRisk Analysis
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1994

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Physiology (medical)

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