Level and change in perceived control predict 19-year mortality: Findings from the americans' changing lives study

Frank J. Infurna, Nilam Ram, Denis Gerstorf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Perceived control plays an important role for health across adulthood and old age. However, little is known about the factors that account for such associations and whether changes in control (or control trajectory) uniquely predict major health outcomes over and above mean levels of control. Using data from the nationwide Americans' Changing Lives Study (House et al., 1990; N = 2,840, M age at T2: 56.32 years, range: 28-99, 64% women), we examined the extent to which mean levels and rates of change in perceived control over 16 years predict all-cause mortality over a 19-year follow-up period. Shared growth-survival models revealed that higher levels of and more positive changes in perceived control were associated with longer survival times, independent of sociodemographic correlates. We found that level effects of control were accounted for by well-being and health factors, whereas the change effects of control were not. Analyses also indicated an age-differential pattern, with the predictive effects of both levels and trajectories of control declining in old age. We discuss possible pathways through which perceived control operates to facilitate key health outcomes and consider how their malleability and effectiveness may change with increasing age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1833-1847
Number of pages15
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Fingerprint

mortality
Mortality
Health
Survival
old age
health
Growth
adulthood
well-being
cause

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

@article{5e64f692107b4dc2ad22b1aab1aefe77,
title = "Level and change in perceived control predict 19-year mortality: Findings from the americans' changing lives study",
abstract = "Perceived control plays an important role for health across adulthood and old age. However, little is known about the factors that account for such associations and whether changes in control (or control trajectory) uniquely predict major health outcomes over and above mean levels of control. Using data from the nationwide Americans' Changing Lives Study (House et al., 1990; N = 2,840, M age at T2: 56.32 years, range: 28-99, 64{\%} women), we examined the extent to which mean levels and rates of change in perceived control over 16 years predict all-cause mortality over a 19-year follow-up period. Shared growth-survival models revealed that higher levels of and more positive changes in perceived control were associated with longer survival times, independent of sociodemographic correlates. We found that level effects of control were accounted for by well-being and health factors, whereas the change effects of control were not. Analyses also indicated an age-differential pattern, with the predictive effects of both levels and trajectories of control declining in old age. We discuss possible pathways through which perceived control operates to facilitate key health outcomes and consider how their malleability and effectiveness may change with increasing age.",
author = "Infurna, {Frank J.} and Nilam Ram and Denis Gerstorf",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0031041",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "1833--1847",
journal = "Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0012-1649",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "10",

}

Level and change in perceived control predict 19-year mortality : Findings from the americans' changing lives study. / Infurna, Frank J.; Ram, Nilam; Gerstorf, Denis.

In: Developmental Psychology, Vol. 49, No. 10, 01.10.2013, p. 1833-1847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Level and change in perceived control predict 19-year mortality

T2 - Findings from the americans' changing lives study

AU - Infurna, Frank J.

AU - Ram, Nilam

AU - Gerstorf, Denis

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - Perceived control plays an important role for health across adulthood and old age. However, little is known about the factors that account for such associations and whether changes in control (or control trajectory) uniquely predict major health outcomes over and above mean levels of control. Using data from the nationwide Americans' Changing Lives Study (House et al., 1990; N = 2,840, M age at T2: 56.32 years, range: 28-99, 64% women), we examined the extent to which mean levels and rates of change in perceived control over 16 years predict all-cause mortality over a 19-year follow-up period. Shared growth-survival models revealed that higher levels of and more positive changes in perceived control were associated with longer survival times, independent of sociodemographic correlates. We found that level effects of control were accounted for by well-being and health factors, whereas the change effects of control were not. Analyses also indicated an age-differential pattern, with the predictive effects of both levels and trajectories of control declining in old age. We discuss possible pathways through which perceived control operates to facilitate key health outcomes and consider how their malleability and effectiveness may change with increasing age.

AB - Perceived control plays an important role for health across adulthood and old age. However, little is known about the factors that account for such associations and whether changes in control (or control trajectory) uniquely predict major health outcomes over and above mean levels of control. Using data from the nationwide Americans' Changing Lives Study (House et al., 1990; N = 2,840, M age at T2: 56.32 years, range: 28-99, 64% women), we examined the extent to which mean levels and rates of change in perceived control over 16 years predict all-cause mortality over a 19-year follow-up period. Shared growth-survival models revealed that higher levels of and more positive changes in perceived control were associated with longer survival times, independent of sociodemographic correlates. We found that level effects of control were accounted for by well-being and health factors, whereas the change effects of control were not. Analyses also indicated an age-differential pattern, with the predictive effects of both levels and trajectories of control declining in old age. We discuss possible pathways through which perceived control operates to facilitate key health outcomes and consider how their malleability and effectiveness may change with increasing age.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884972651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884972651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0031041

DO - 10.1037/a0031041

M3 - Article

C2 - 23276128

AN - SCOPUS:84884972651

VL - 49

SP - 1833

EP - 1847

JO - Developmental Psychology

JF - Developmental Psychology

SN - 0012-1649

IS - 10

ER -