Light activity following a meal and postprandial cardiometabolic risk in adolescents

Susan B. Sisson, Ashley E. Gibson, Kevin R. Short, Andrew W. Gardner, Teresa Whited, Candace Robledo, David M. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if light physical activity (LPA) minimizes the impairment of cardiometabolic risk factors following a typical meal in adolescents. Eighteen adolescents (50% male, 14.8 ± 2.3 yrs) consumed a meal (32% fat, 14% protein, 53% carbohydrate), then completed a walking (1.5mph for 45 min of each hour) or sitting treatment for 3 hr in randomized order on separate days. Following the meal, HDL cholesterol declined 4.8% but remained higher during walking at 3 hr (42.1mg/dl ± 9.3) than sitting (8.4% decline; 40.5mg/dL ± 9.9; treatment × time interaction, p <.03). The 3-hr insulin was lower after walking (24.8μIU/ml ± 33.4) than sitting (37.8μIU/ml ± 34.7; treatment × time interaction, p <.0001). Triglycerides increased by ∼40% above baseline at 1 and 2 hr, with higher values for walking (treatment × time interaction, p <.02). However by 3 hr, triglycerides were not different from baseline. Area under the curve (AUC) analyses were not significantly different between treatments for any outcomes. Although minor, LPA appears to mitigate the undesirable postprandial changes in HDL cholesterol and insulin but not triglycerides, following a typical meal in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-359
Number of pages13
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Walking
Meals
Light
Triglycerides
HDL Cholesterol
Exercise
Insulin
Therapeutics
Area Under Curve
Fats
Carbohydrates
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Sisson, S. B., Gibson, A. E., Short, K. R., Gardner, A. W., Whited, T., Robledo, C., & Thompson, D. M. (2013). Light activity following a meal and postprandial cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science, 25(3), 347-359. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.25.3.347
Sisson, Susan B. ; Gibson, Ashley E. ; Short, Kevin R. ; Gardner, Andrew W. ; Whited, Teresa ; Robledo, Candace ; Thompson, David M. / Light activity following a meal and postprandial cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. In: Pediatric Exercise Science. 2013 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 347-359.
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Sisson, SB, Gibson, AE, Short, KR, Gardner, AW, Whited, T, Robledo, C & Thompson, DM 2013, 'Light activity following a meal and postprandial cardiometabolic risk in adolescents', Pediatric Exercise Science, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 347-359. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.25.3.347

Light activity following a meal and postprandial cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. / Sisson, Susan B.; Gibson, Ashley E.; Short, Kevin R.; Gardner, Andrew W.; Whited, Teresa; Robledo, Candace; Thompson, David M.

In: Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 25, No. 3, 08.2013, p. 347-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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