Light and temperature as dual stimuli lead to self-assembly of hyperbranched azobenzene-terminated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)

Wenyan Huang, Jing Yang, Yunqing Xia, Xuezi Wang, Xiaoqiang Xue, Hongjun Yang, Guifang Wang, Bibiao Jiang, Fang Li, Sridhar Komarneni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hyperbranched poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)s (HBPNIPAMs) end-capped with different azobenzene chromophores (HBPNIPAM-Azo-OC3H7, HBPNIPAM-Azo-OCH3, HBPNIPAM-Azo, and HBPNIPAM-Azo-COOH) were successfully synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of N-isopropylacrylamide using different azobenzene-functional initiators. All HBPNIPAMs showed a similar highly branched structure, similar content of azobenzene chromophores, and similar absolute weight/average molecular weight. The different azobenzene structures at the end of the HBPNIPAMs exhibited reversible trans-cis-trans isomerization behavior under alternating UV and Vis irradiation, which lowered the critical solution temperature (LCST) due to different self-assembling behaviors. The spherical aggregates of HBPNIPAM-Azo-OC3H7 and HBPNIPAM-Azo-OCH3 containing hydrophobic para substituents either changed to bigger nanorods or increased in number, leading to a change in LCST of 2.0 and 1.0°C, respectively, after UV irradiation. However, the unimolecular aggregates of HBPNIPAM-Azo were unchanged, while the unstable multimolecular particles of HBPNIPAM-Azo-COOH end-capped with strongly polar carboxyl groups partly dissociated to form a greater number of unimolecular aggregates and led to an LCST increase of 1.0°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number183
JournalPolymers
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Azobenzene
Self assembly
Chromophores
Irradiation
Temperature
Atom transfer radical polymerization
Isomerization
Nanorods
Molecular weight
azobenzene
poly-N-isopropylacrylamide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Huang, Wenyan ; Yang, Jing ; Xia, Yunqing ; Wang, Xuezi ; Xue, Xiaoqiang ; Yang, Hongjun ; Wang, Guifang ; Jiang, Bibiao ; Li, Fang ; Komarneni, Sridhar. / Light and temperature as dual stimuli lead to self-assembly of hyperbranched azobenzene-terminated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide). In: Polymers. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 5.
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author = "Wenyan Huang and Jing Yang and Yunqing Xia and Xuezi Wang and Xiaoqiang Xue and Hongjun Yang and Guifang Wang and Bibiao Jiang and Fang Li and Sridhar Komarneni",
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Light and temperature as dual stimuli lead to self-assembly of hyperbranched azobenzene-terminated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide). / Huang, Wenyan; Yang, Jing; Xia, Yunqing; Wang, Xuezi; Xue, Xiaoqiang; Yang, Hongjun; Wang, Guifang; Jiang, Bibiao; Li, Fang; Komarneni, Sridhar.

In: Polymers, Vol. 8, No. 5, 183, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Light and temperature as dual stimuli lead to self-assembly of hyperbranched azobenzene-terminated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)

AU - Huang, Wenyan

AU - Yang, Jing

AU - Xia, Yunqing

AU - Wang, Xuezi

AU - Xue, Xiaoqiang

AU - Yang, Hongjun

AU - Wang, Guifang

AU - Jiang, Bibiao

AU - Li, Fang

AU - Komarneni, Sridhar

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N2 - Hyperbranched poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)s (HBPNIPAMs) end-capped with different azobenzene chromophores (HBPNIPAM-Azo-OC3H7, HBPNIPAM-Azo-OCH3, HBPNIPAM-Azo, and HBPNIPAM-Azo-COOH) were successfully synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of N-isopropylacrylamide using different azobenzene-functional initiators. All HBPNIPAMs showed a similar highly branched structure, similar content of azobenzene chromophores, and similar absolute weight/average molecular weight. The different azobenzene structures at the end of the HBPNIPAMs exhibited reversible trans-cis-trans isomerization behavior under alternating UV and Vis irradiation, which lowered the critical solution temperature (LCST) due to different self-assembling behaviors. The spherical aggregates of HBPNIPAM-Azo-OC3H7 and HBPNIPAM-Azo-OCH3 containing hydrophobic para substituents either changed to bigger nanorods or increased in number, leading to a change in LCST of 2.0 and 1.0°C, respectively, after UV irradiation. However, the unimolecular aggregates of HBPNIPAM-Azo were unchanged, while the unstable multimolecular particles of HBPNIPAM-Azo-COOH end-capped with strongly polar carboxyl groups partly dissociated to form a greater number of unimolecular aggregates and led to an LCST increase of 1.0°C.

AB - Hyperbranched poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)s (HBPNIPAMs) end-capped with different azobenzene chromophores (HBPNIPAM-Azo-OC3H7, HBPNIPAM-Azo-OCH3, HBPNIPAM-Azo, and HBPNIPAM-Azo-COOH) were successfully synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of N-isopropylacrylamide using different azobenzene-functional initiators. All HBPNIPAMs showed a similar highly branched structure, similar content of azobenzene chromophores, and similar absolute weight/average molecular weight. The different azobenzene structures at the end of the HBPNIPAMs exhibited reversible trans-cis-trans isomerization behavior under alternating UV and Vis irradiation, which lowered the critical solution temperature (LCST) due to different self-assembling behaviors. The spherical aggregates of HBPNIPAM-Azo-OC3H7 and HBPNIPAM-Azo-OCH3 containing hydrophobic para substituents either changed to bigger nanorods or increased in number, leading to a change in LCST of 2.0 and 1.0°C, respectively, after UV irradiation. However, the unimolecular aggregates of HBPNIPAM-Azo were unchanged, while the unstable multimolecular particles of HBPNIPAM-Azo-COOH end-capped with strongly polar carboxyl groups partly dissociated to form a greater number of unimolecular aggregates and led to an LCST increase of 1.0°C.

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