Lignin conversion to fuels, chemicals, and materials

Meredith A. Hill Bembenic, Dongxiang Wang, Maria Escallon, Ingrid Kjöenstad, Caroline Elaine Clifford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

One of the best alternative and renewable hydrocarbon sources is plant biomass, which can be converted into transportation fuels and chemicals. Advantages of utilizing plant biomass as an energy source include its availability within the U.S. and its post-conversion potential to be incorporated into the current liquid transportation fuel infrastructure. Preliminary experiments with lignin-based feedstocks and high temperature water (350-400°C) are explored in an effort to observe the fundamental reactions and to optimize the characterization methods used for each type of phase generated. The use of different catalysts and/or gas atmospheres is also investigated as a means to improve lignin conversion at near supercritical conditions. Understanding the chemistry of lignin conversion has been challenging, yet this dictates how the by-products formed might be implemented into various existing processing facilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2009Aug 20 2009

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period8/16/098/20/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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