Limits to the critical current in Bi2 Sr2 Ca2 Cu3 Ox tape conductors: The parallel path model

D. C. Van Der Laan, J. Schwartz, B. Ten Haken, M. Dhallé, H. J.N. Van Eck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

An extensive overview of a model that describes current flow and dissipation in high-quality Bi2 Sr2 Ca2 Cu3 Ox superconducting tapes is provided. The parallel path model is based on a superconducting current running in two distinct parallel paths. One of the current paths is formed by grains that are connected at angles below 4°. Dissipation in this strongly linked backbone occurs within the grains and is well described by classical flux-creep theory. The other current path, the weakly linked network, is formed by superconducting grains that are connected at intermediate angles (4°-8°) where dissipation occurs at the grain boundaries. However, grain boundary dissipation in this weakly linked current path does not occur through Josephson weak links, but just as in the strongly linked backbone, is well described by classical flux creep. The results of several experiments on Bi2 Sr2 Ca2 Cu3 Ox tapes and single-grained powders that strongly support the parallel path model are presented. The critical current density of Bi2 Sr2 Ca2 Cu3 Ox tapes can be scaled as a function of magnetic field angle over the temperature range from 15 K to 77 K. Expressions based on classical flux creep are introduced to describe the dependence of the critical current density of Bi2 Sr2 Ca2 Cu3 Ox tapes on the magnetic field and temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104514
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume77
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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