The equatorial coastal circulation is modeled in terms of the linear wave response to a diurnally oscillating heat source gradient in a background wind. A diurnal scaling shows that the solution depends on two parameters: a nondimensional coastal width L and a nondimensional wind speed U. The solutions are interpreted by comparing to the U = 0 theory of Rotunno. For U ≠ 0 the Fourier integral solution consists of three distinct wave branches. Two of these branches correspond to the prior no-wind solution of Rotunno, except with Doppler shifting and associated wave dispersion. The third branch exists only for U ≠ 0 and is shown to be broadly similar to flow past a steady heat source or a topographic obstacle. The relative importance of this third branch is determined largely by the parameter combination U/L. For sufficiently large U/L the third branch becomes the dominant part of the solution. The spatial structures of the three branches are described in terms of group velocity arguments combined with a desingularized quadrature method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science