Linear Viscoelasticity and Cation Conduction in Polyurethane Sulfonate Ionomers with Ions in the Soft Segment-Multiphase Systems

Shih Wa Wang, Ralph H. Colby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

PEO600-based polyurethane ionomers with various hard segment contents were synthesized and characterized by both linear viscoelastic (LVE) properties and dielectric relaxation spectroscopy. The ions were placed in the soft segment to achieve better ionic conductivity while the hard phase can provide mechanical strength. Microphase separation was observed in all samples with more than 23 wt % hard segment. The samples that show evidence of microphase separation share similar soft phase glass transition temperature, but the degree of microphase separation and ionic conductivity were found to be significantly affected by specimen preparation method (hot pressed or solution cast). Both ionic conductivity and polymer chain mechanical relaxation show VFT or WLF temperature dependence. At 150 °C, the microphase-separated samples were found preserving both the ionic conductivity and mechanical modulus. While most literature focuses on gel polymer electrolytes or block copolymers to obtain both high modulus and high conductivity in single-ion conductors, our polyurethane ionomers demonstrate an alternative path to simultaneously high modulus and ionic conductivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2767-2775
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2018

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Polyurethanes
Ionomers
Viscoelasticity
Ionic conductivity
Cations
Microphase separation
Positive ions
Ions
Polymers
Anelastic relaxation
Specimen preparation
Dielectric relaxation
Electrolytes
Block copolymers
Strength of materials
Gels
Spectroscopy
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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Linear Viscoelasticity and Cation Conduction in Polyurethane Sulfonate Ionomers with Ions in the Soft Segment-Multiphase Systems. / Wang, Shih Wa; Colby, Ralph H.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 51, No. 8, 24.04.2018, p. 2767-2775.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - PEO600-based polyurethane ionomers with various hard segment contents were synthesized and characterized by both linear viscoelastic (LVE) properties and dielectric relaxation spectroscopy. The ions were placed in the soft segment to achieve better ionic conductivity while the hard phase can provide mechanical strength. Microphase separation was observed in all samples with more than 23 wt % hard segment. The samples that show evidence of microphase separation share similar soft phase glass transition temperature, but the degree of microphase separation and ionic conductivity were found to be significantly affected by specimen preparation method (hot pressed or solution cast). Both ionic conductivity and polymer chain mechanical relaxation show VFT or WLF temperature dependence. At 150 °C, the microphase-separated samples were found preserving both the ionic conductivity and mechanical modulus. While most literature focuses on gel polymer electrolytes or block copolymers to obtain both high modulus and high conductivity in single-ion conductors, our polyurethane ionomers demonstrate an alternative path to simultaneously high modulus and ionic conductivity.

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