The LMP2 and LMP7 genes code for subunits of the proteasome, a multimeric enzymatic complex that degrades proteins into peptides. The two subunits replace corresponding constitutively expressed subunits during the immune response. Some of the peptides generated by the proteasome in the cytosol are transported by the products of the TAP1 and TAP2 genes into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and are loaded onto the assembling MHC class I molecules. In mammals, the LMP2, LMP7, TAP1, and TAP2 genes reside in the class II region of the Mhc, closely linked to the RING3 gene. In the present study we identified, cloned, and sequenced the LMP, TAP2, and RING3 genes of the zebrafish, Danio rerio. We identified variants of these genes and used them in a segregation analysis of haploid embryos derived from heterozygous mothers. The analysis revealed that in zebrafish, the LMP2, LMP7, TAP12, and RING3 loci are closely linked but, in contrast to mammals, the LMP/TAP/RING3 cluster resides not in the Mhc class II but in the class I region. We also confirmed that in the zebrafish, the class I and class II regions are not linked to each other. In this species, therefore, the LMP/TAP/RING3 genes are clustered with the class I genes on a chromosome that apparently does not contain any class II genes. The linkage of LMP/TAP/RING3/class I may be the original and the LMP/TAP/RING3/class II a derived arrangement of these genes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy