Linking fish habitat to their population dynamics

Daniel B. Hayes, C. Paola Ferreri, William W. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

We classify habitat features based on their effects on fish population dynamics and how fish populations affect the habitat's dynamics. We term habitat features that can be reduced in quantity or quality by fish usage as consumable resources. In general, consumable resources regulate fish populations in a density-dependent manner. In contrast, nonconsumable habitat features influence fish populations in a density-independent manner. We further classify habitat features by the influence that fish have on the supply of that resource. We designate habitat features whose supply is unaffected by fish usage (e.g., space) as being dynamically unaffected. Thus, the supply of these resources does not depend on the present or past abundance of fish. The supply of dynamically affected habitat resources (e.g., prey abundance) depends on current and past fish abundance. Using lake whitefish (Coregomis clupeaformis), we illustrate how changes in fish habitat can be integrated with changes in fish growth, survival, and reproduction through a stock-recruitment relationship. This example shows that single measures of population response such as carrying capacity or changes in surplus production do not fully represent the population-level changes following a habitat alteration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Volume53
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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