Linking Group Influences Charge Separation and Recombination in All-Conjugated Block Copolymer Photovoltaics

Jorge W. Mok, Yen Hao Lin, Kevin G. Yager, Aditya D. Mohite, Wanyi Nie, Seth B. Darling, Youngmin Lee, Enrique Daniel Gomez, David Gosztola, Richard D. Schaller, Rafael Verduzco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All-conjugated block copolymers bring together hole- and electron-conductive polymers and can be used as the active layer of solution-processed photovoltaic devices, but it remains unclear how molecular structure, morphology, and electronic properties influence performance. Here, the role of the chemical linker is investigated through analysis of two donor-linker-acceptor block copolymers that differ in the chemistry of the linking group. Device studies show that power conversion efficiencies differ by a factor of 40 between the two polymers, and ultrafast transient absorption measurements reveal charge separation only in block copolymers that contain a wide bandgap monomer at the donor-acceptor interface. Optical measurements reveal the formation of a low-energy excited state when donor and acceptor blocks are directly linked without this wide bandgap monomer. For both samples studied, it is found that the rate of charge recombination in these systems is faster than in polymer-polymer and polymer-fullerene blends. This work demonstrates that the linking group chemistry influences charge separation in all-conjugated block copolymer systems, and further improvement of photovoltaic performance may be possible through optimization of the linking group. These results also suggest that all-conjugated block copolymers can be used as model systems for the donor-acceptor interface in bulk heterojunction blends

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5578-5585
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume25
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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polarization (charge separation)
block copolymers
Block copolymers
Polymers
polymers
Energy gap
monomers
Monomers
chemistry
Fullerenes
Polymer blends
optical measurement
Excited states
Electronic properties
Molecular structure
Conversion efficiency
fullerenes
Heterojunctions
heterojunctions
molecular structure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Mok, J. W., Lin, Y. H., Yager, K. G., Mohite, A. D., Nie, W., Darling, S. B., ... Verduzco, R. (2015). Linking Group Influences Charge Separation and Recombination in All-Conjugated Block Copolymer Photovoltaics. Advanced Functional Materials, 25(35), 5578-5585. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201502623
Mok, Jorge W. ; Lin, Yen Hao ; Yager, Kevin G. ; Mohite, Aditya D. ; Nie, Wanyi ; Darling, Seth B. ; Lee, Youngmin ; Gomez, Enrique Daniel ; Gosztola, David ; Schaller, Richard D. ; Verduzco, Rafael. / Linking Group Influences Charge Separation and Recombination in All-Conjugated Block Copolymer Photovoltaics. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 35. pp. 5578-5585.
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Mok, JW, Lin, YH, Yager, KG, Mohite, AD, Nie, W, Darling, SB, Lee, Y, Gomez, ED, Gosztola, D, Schaller, RD & Verduzco, R 2015, 'Linking Group Influences Charge Separation and Recombination in All-Conjugated Block Copolymer Photovoltaics', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 25, no. 35, pp. 5578-5585. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201502623

Linking Group Influences Charge Separation and Recombination in All-Conjugated Block Copolymer Photovoltaics. / Mok, Jorge W.; Lin, Yen Hao; Yager, Kevin G.; Mohite, Aditya D.; Nie, Wanyi; Darling, Seth B.; Lee, Youngmin; Gomez, Enrique Daniel; Gosztola, David; Schaller, Richard D.; Verduzco, Rafael.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, No. 35, 01.09.2015, p. 5578-5585.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mok, Jorge W.

AU - Lin, Yen Hao

AU - Yager, Kevin G.

AU - Mohite, Aditya D.

AU - Nie, Wanyi

AU - Darling, Seth B.

AU - Lee, Youngmin

AU - Gomez, Enrique Daniel

AU - Gosztola, David

AU - Schaller, Richard D.

AU - Verduzco, Rafael

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - All-conjugated block copolymers bring together hole- and electron-conductive polymers and can be used as the active layer of solution-processed photovoltaic devices, but it remains unclear how molecular structure, morphology, and electronic properties influence performance. Here, the role of the chemical linker is investigated through analysis of two donor-linker-acceptor block copolymers that differ in the chemistry of the linking group. Device studies show that power conversion efficiencies differ by a factor of 40 between the two polymers, and ultrafast transient absorption measurements reveal charge separation only in block copolymers that contain a wide bandgap monomer at the donor-acceptor interface. Optical measurements reveal the formation of a low-energy excited state when donor and acceptor blocks are directly linked without this wide bandgap monomer. For both samples studied, it is found that the rate of charge recombination in these systems is faster than in polymer-polymer and polymer-fullerene blends. This work demonstrates that the linking group chemistry influences charge separation in all-conjugated block copolymer systems, and further improvement of photovoltaic performance may be possible through optimization of the linking group. These results also suggest that all-conjugated block copolymers can be used as model systems for the donor-acceptor interface in bulk heterojunction blends

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