Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America

Keith M. Prufer, Asia V. Alsgaard, Mark Robinson, Clayton R. Meredith, Brendan James Culleton, Timothy Dennehy, Shelby Magee, Bruce B. Huckell, W. James Stemp, Jaime J. Awe, Jose Mariano Capriles Flores, Douglas James Kennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

From the perspective of Central and South America, the peopling of the New World was a complex process lasting thousands of years and involving multiple waves of Pleistocene and early Holocene period immigrants entering into the neotropics. These Paleoindian colonists initially brought with them technologies developed for adaptation to environments and resources found in North America. As the ice age ended across the New World people adapted more generalized stone tools to exploit changing environments and resources. In the neotropics these changes would have been pronounced as patchy forests and grasslands gave way to broadleaf tropical forests. We document a late Pleistocene/early Holocene stone tool tradition from Belize, located in southern Mesoamerica. This represents the first endogenous Paleoindian stone tool technocomplex recovered from well dated stratigraphic contexts for Mesoamerica. Previously designated Lowe, these artifacts share multiple features with contemporary North and South American Paleoindian tool types. Once hafted, these bifaces appear to have served multiple functions for cutting, hooking, thrusting, or throwing. The tools were developed at a time of technological regionalization reflecting the diverse demands of a period of pronounced environmental change and population movement. Combined stratigraphic, technological, and population paleogenetic data suggests that there were strong ties between lowland neotropic regions at the onset of the Holocene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0219812
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Central America
South America
North America
Belize
Technology
Ice
Artifacts
Population
immigration
tropical forests
lowlands
ice
grasslands
Forests
Grassland

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

Prufer, K. M., Alsgaard, A. V., Robinson, M., Meredith, C. R., Culleton, B. J., Dennehy, T., ... Kennett, D. J. (2019). Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America. PloS one, 14(7), [e0219812]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219812
Prufer, Keith M. ; Alsgaard, Asia V. ; Robinson, Mark ; Meredith, Clayton R. ; Culleton, Brendan James ; Dennehy, Timothy ; Magee, Shelby ; Huckell, Bruce B. ; James Stemp, W. ; Awe, Jaime J. ; Capriles Flores, Jose Mariano ; Kennett, Douglas James. / Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America. In: PloS one. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 7.
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Prufer, KM, Alsgaard, AV, Robinson, M, Meredith, CR, Culleton, BJ, Dennehy, T, Magee, S, Huckell, BB, James Stemp, W, Awe, JJ, Capriles Flores, JM & Kennett, DJ 2019, 'Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America', PloS one, vol. 14, no. 7, e0219812. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219812

Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America. / Prufer, Keith M.; Alsgaard, Asia V.; Robinson, Mark; Meredith, Clayton R.; Culleton, Brendan James; Dennehy, Timothy; Magee, Shelby; Huckell, Bruce B.; James Stemp, W.; Awe, Jaime J.; Capriles Flores, Jose Mariano; Kennett, Douglas James.

In: PloS one, Vol. 14, No. 7, e0219812, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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