Links between sex-typed time use in middle childhood and gender development in early adolescence

Susan Marie McHale, Ji Yeon Kim, Shawn Whiteman, Ann C. Crouter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors studied sex-typing in the kinds (e.g., sports, handicrafts) and social contexts (same- vs. other-sex companions) of children's free time activities, and the links between sex-typed activities and gender development over 2 years. Participants were 200 White, working- and middle-class children (103 girls, 97 boys; mean age = 10.86 years). In annual home interviews, children rated their self-esteem, gender role attitudes and sex-typed personality qualities, academic interests, and school grades. During 7 nightly phone interviews each year, children reported on their activities. Boys were more sex-typed than girls in their peer activities, and children were least sex-typed in their activities with siblings. Sex-typed activities in middle childhood predicted individual differences in gender development in early adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)868-881
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Fingerprint

adolescence
childhood
gender
Interviews
interview
gender role
working class
self-esteem
middle class
time
Self Concept
Individuality
Sports
personality
school grade
Personality
Siblings

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

McHale, Susan Marie ; Kim, Ji Yeon ; Whiteman, Shawn ; Crouter, Ann C. / Links between sex-typed time use in middle childhood and gender development in early adolescence. In: Developmental psychology. 2004 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 868-881.
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Links between sex-typed time use in middle childhood and gender development in early adolescence. / McHale, Susan Marie; Kim, Ji Yeon; Whiteman, Shawn; Crouter, Ann C.

In: Developmental psychology, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.09.2004, p. 868-881.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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