Abstract

Background: The use of parenteral nutrition formulas is often associated with the development of hepatic steatosis. We have shown previously that the addition of a lipid emulsion (LE) rich in n-6 (ω-6) fatty acids (FAs) ameliorated triglyceride (TG) accumulation in the livers of nonobese mice fed a high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) for 5 wk. However, it remains unclear how rapidly this condition develops and whether it can be prevented by LE with or without a running wheel for voluntary exercise (Exe). Objective: We investigated in an 8-d study whether mice develop steatosis and whether the administration of LE with or without Exe reduces the concentration of total FAs and prevents an increase in the expression of genes in the liver associated with lipogenesis. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice aged 5 wk were randomized into 5 groups: standard feed pellet (SFP); a liquid HCD (77% of total energy from carbohydrates and 0.5% from fat); HCD + Exe; HCD + 13.5% LE (67% carbohydrates and 13.5% fat); or HCD + 13.5% LE + Exe. Hepatic TG concentration, lipogenic genes, and total FAs were measured on day 8. Results: Oil Red O staining and TG quantification showed hepatic TG accumulation on day 8; the addition of 13.5% LE either with or without Exe suppressed the TG accumulation compared with HCD (P < 0.005). With the use of quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, the expression concentrations of lipogenic genes [ATP-citrate lyase, acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase 1, FA synthase (Fasn), and stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase 1 (Scd1)] in the HCD + 13.5% LE group were 26-60% of HCD (P < 0.01) and 11-38% of HCD in the HCD + 13.5% LE + Exe group (P < 0.001), with interactions for Fasn and Scd1 (P < 0.05).With the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, the HCD + 13.5% LE group had lower monounsaturated fatty acids (38.7% of HCD) but higher polyunsaturated fatty acids (164% of HCD) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: In short-term studies designed to resemble the early dynamic stage of the development of hepatic steatosis, the addition of 13.5% LE to a liquid HCD reduced hepatic lipogenesis. Exe exerted an independent protective effect and interacted with LE to further reduce the expression of Scd1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)746-753
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume147
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Lipogenesis
Emulsions
Running
Carbohydrates
Diet
Lipids
Liver
Triglycerides
Fatty Acids
ATP Citrate (pro-S)-Lyase
Fats
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Fatty Acid Synthases
Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
Parenteral Nutrition
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Inbred C57BL Mouse

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

@article{49d7dd6384e04f0da812be697c0f115a,
title = "Lipid emulsion added to a liquid high-carbohydrate diet and voluntary running exercise reduce lipogenesis and ameliorate early-stage hepatic steatosis in mice",
abstract = "Background: The use of parenteral nutrition formulas is often associated with the development of hepatic steatosis. We have shown previously that the addition of a lipid emulsion (LE) rich in n-6 (ω-6) fatty acids (FAs) ameliorated triglyceride (TG) accumulation in the livers of nonobese mice fed a high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) for 5 wk. However, it remains unclear how rapidly this condition develops and whether it can be prevented by LE with or without a running wheel for voluntary exercise (Exe). Objective: We investigated in an 8-d study whether mice develop steatosis and whether the administration of LE with or without Exe reduces the concentration of total FAs and prevents an increase in the expression of genes in the liver associated with lipogenesis. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice aged 5 wk were randomized into 5 groups: standard feed pellet (SFP); a liquid HCD (77{\%} of total energy from carbohydrates and 0.5{\%} from fat); HCD + Exe; HCD + 13.5{\%} LE (67{\%} carbohydrates and 13.5{\%} fat); or HCD + 13.5{\%} LE + Exe. Hepatic TG concentration, lipogenic genes, and total FAs were measured on day 8. Results: Oil Red O staining and TG quantification showed hepatic TG accumulation on day 8; the addition of 13.5{\%} LE either with or without Exe suppressed the TG accumulation compared with HCD (P < 0.005). With the use of quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, the expression concentrations of lipogenic genes [ATP-citrate lyase, acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase 1, FA synthase (Fasn), and stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase 1 (Scd1)] in the HCD + 13.5{\%} LE group were 26-60{\%} of HCD (P < 0.01) and 11-38{\%} of HCD in the HCD + 13.5{\%} LE + Exe group (P < 0.001), with interactions for Fasn and Scd1 (P < 0.05).With the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, the HCD + 13.5{\%} LE group had lower monounsaturated fatty acids (38.7{\%} of HCD) but higher polyunsaturated fatty acids (164{\%} of HCD) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: In short-term studies designed to resemble the early dynamic stage of the development of hepatic steatosis, the addition of 13.5{\%} LE to a liquid HCD reduced hepatic lipogenesis. Exe exerted an independent protective effect and interacted with LE to further reduce the expression of Scd1.",
author = "Huang, {Kuan Hsun} and Lei Hao and Smith, {Philip B.} and Rogers, {Connie J.} and Patterson, {Andrew D.} and Ross, {A. Catharine}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3945/jn.116.245951",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "147",
pages = "746--753",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0022-3166",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lipid emulsion added to a liquid high-carbohydrate diet and voluntary running exercise reduce lipogenesis and ameliorate early-stage hepatic steatosis in mice

AU - Huang, Kuan Hsun

AU - Hao, Lei

AU - Smith, Philip B.

AU - Rogers, Connie J.

AU - Patterson, Andrew D.

AU - Ross, A. Catharine

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Background: The use of parenteral nutrition formulas is often associated with the development of hepatic steatosis. We have shown previously that the addition of a lipid emulsion (LE) rich in n-6 (ω-6) fatty acids (FAs) ameliorated triglyceride (TG) accumulation in the livers of nonobese mice fed a high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) for 5 wk. However, it remains unclear how rapidly this condition develops and whether it can be prevented by LE with or without a running wheel for voluntary exercise (Exe). Objective: We investigated in an 8-d study whether mice develop steatosis and whether the administration of LE with or without Exe reduces the concentration of total FAs and prevents an increase in the expression of genes in the liver associated with lipogenesis. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice aged 5 wk were randomized into 5 groups: standard feed pellet (SFP); a liquid HCD (77% of total energy from carbohydrates and 0.5% from fat); HCD + Exe; HCD + 13.5% LE (67% carbohydrates and 13.5% fat); or HCD + 13.5% LE + Exe. Hepatic TG concentration, lipogenic genes, and total FAs were measured on day 8. Results: Oil Red O staining and TG quantification showed hepatic TG accumulation on day 8; the addition of 13.5% LE either with or without Exe suppressed the TG accumulation compared with HCD (P < 0.005). With the use of quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, the expression concentrations of lipogenic genes [ATP-citrate lyase, acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase 1, FA synthase (Fasn), and stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase 1 (Scd1)] in the HCD + 13.5% LE group were 26-60% of HCD (P < 0.01) and 11-38% of HCD in the HCD + 13.5% LE + Exe group (P < 0.001), with interactions for Fasn and Scd1 (P < 0.05).With the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, the HCD + 13.5% LE group had lower monounsaturated fatty acids (38.7% of HCD) but higher polyunsaturated fatty acids (164% of HCD) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: In short-term studies designed to resemble the early dynamic stage of the development of hepatic steatosis, the addition of 13.5% LE to a liquid HCD reduced hepatic lipogenesis. Exe exerted an independent protective effect and interacted with LE to further reduce the expression of Scd1.

AB - Background: The use of parenteral nutrition formulas is often associated with the development of hepatic steatosis. We have shown previously that the addition of a lipid emulsion (LE) rich in n-6 (ω-6) fatty acids (FAs) ameliorated triglyceride (TG) accumulation in the livers of nonobese mice fed a high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) for 5 wk. However, it remains unclear how rapidly this condition develops and whether it can be prevented by LE with or without a running wheel for voluntary exercise (Exe). Objective: We investigated in an 8-d study whether mice develop steatosis and whether the administration of LE with or without Exe reduces the concentration of total FAs and prevents an increase in the expression of genes in the liver associated with lipogenesis. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice aged 5 wk were randomized into 5 groups: standard feed pellet (SFP); a liquid HCD (77% of total energy from carbohydrates and 0.5% from fat); HCD + Exe; HCD + 13.5% LE (67% carbohydrates and 13.5% fat); or HCD + 13.5% LE + Exe. Hepatic TG concentration, lipogenic genes, and total FAs were measured on day 8. Results: Oil Red O staining and TG quantification showed hepatic TG accumulation on day 8; the addition of 13.5% LE either with or without Exe suppressed the TG accumulation compared with HCD (P < 0.005). With the use of quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, the expression concentrations of lipogenic genes [ATP-citrate lyase, acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase 1, FA synthase (Fasn), and stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase 1 (Scd1)] in the HCD + 13.5% LE group were 26-60% of HCD (P < 0.01) and 11-38% of HCD in the HCD + 13.5% LE + Exe group (P < 0.001), with interactions for Fasn and Scd1 (P < 0.05).With the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, the HCD + 13.5% LE group had lower monounsaturated fatty acids (38.7% of HCD) but higher polyunsaturated fatty acids (164% of HCD) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: In short-term studies designed to resemble the early dynamic stage of the development of hepatic steatosis, the addition of 13.5% LE to a liquid HCD reduced hepatic lipogenesis. Exe exerted an independent protective effect and interacted with LE to further reduce the expression of Scd1.

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U2 - 10.3945/jn.116.245951

DO - 10.3945/jn.116.245951

M3 - Article

C2 - 28298542

AN - SCOPUS:85020165335

VL - 147

SP - 746

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JO - Journal of Nutrition

JF - Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0022-3166

IS - 5

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