Lipoprotein lipase releases esterified oxylipins from very low-density lipoproteins

Gregory C. Shearer, John W. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously demonstrated that defects in lipoprotein metabolism alter the distribution of oxygenated polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in lipoprotein particles. If these oxidation products are released by lipoprotein lipase (LpL), then their delivery to peripheral tissues with bulk lipids could influence cellular function. Using 26-week-old normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic Zucker rats, we measured PUFA alcohols, epoxides, diols, ketones, and triols (i.e. oxylipins) in esterified and non-esterified fractions of whole plasma, VLDL, and LpL-generated VLDL-lipolysates. Whole plasma, VLDL, and lipolysate oxylipin profiles were distinct and altered by hyperlipidemia. While >90% of the whole plasma oxylipins were esterified, the fraction of each oxylipin class in the VLDL varied: 46% of alcohols, 30% of epoxides, 19% of diols, <10% of ketones, and <1% triols. Whole plasma was dominated by arachidonate alcohols, while the linoleate alcohols, epoxides, and ketones showed an increased prevalence in VLDL. LpL-mediated VLDL lipolysis of PUFA alcohols, diols and ketones was detected and the relative abundance of oxygenated linoleates was enhanced in the lipolysates, relative to their corresponding VLDL. In summary esterified oxylipins were seen to be LpL substrates with heterogeneous distributions among lipoprotein classes. Moreover, oxylipin distributions are changes within the context of obesity-associated dyslipidemia. These results support the notion that the VLDL-LpL axis may facilitate the delivery of plasma oxylipins to the periphery. The physiological implications of these findings are yet to be elucidated; however, these molecules are plausible indicators of systemic oxidative stress, and could report this status to the peripheral tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume79
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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