Arachidonic acid metabolites are mediators of various pathophysiologic events following endotoxin administration. However, their role in the endotoxin-induced increase in glucose metabolism has not been examined. Rats were administered either saline or BW755C (an inhibitor of both the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways) 30 min prior to injection of E. coli endotoxin and whole body glucose kinetics assessed using a constant iv infusion of [6-3 H] glucose. Treatment with BW755C prevented the endotoxin-induced hypotension and tachycardia. Endotoxin produced characteristic increases in the plasma glucose (23-70%) and lactate (2- to 9-fold) concentrations, as well as elevations in the rate of glucose appearance (34-63%) and metabolic clearance (40-92%). In contrast to the amelioration in hemodynamics, pretreatment with BW755C did not prevent these alterations in glucose metabolism normally seen after endotoxin. BW755C markedly reduced the endotoxin-induced increase in plasma catecholamine concentrations, but levels were still elevated 2- to 4-fold compared to control values. The results suggest that arachidonic acid metabolites mediate the early hypotensive response following endotoxin, but are not by themselves responsible for the elevated rates of glucose production and utilization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical