"Living" cationic polymerization of phosphoranimines as an ambient temperature route to polyphosphazenes with controlled molecular weights

Harry R. Allcock, Chester A. Crane, Christopher T. Morrissey, James M. Nelson, Scott D. Reeves, Charles H. Honeyman, Ian Manners

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169 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new method for the synthesis of poly(dichlorophosphazene) at ambient temperatures is described. It involves the initiation of Cl3P=NSiMe3 with small amounts of PCl5 in CH2Cl2 to yield poly(dichlorophosphazene), (NPCl2)n, with narrow polydispersities. The molecular weight of poly(dichlorophosphazene) was controlled by altering the ratio of monomer to initiator. The polymer chains were found to be active after chain propagation since further addition of monomer resulted in the formation of higher molecular weight polymer. Integration of 1H and 31P NMR spectra of these reactions revealed that the polymerization follows first-order reaction kinetics with respect to monomer concentration. Active polymer chains may be quenched or end-capped by the addition of trace quantities of Me2(CF3-CH2O)P=NSiMe3 or (CF3CH2O)3P=NSiMe3. Furthermore, PBr5, SbCl5, and Ph3C[PF6] were also found to be effective initiators in CH2Cl2 at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7740-7747
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecules
Volume29
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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