Load alleviation control design using harmonic decomposition models, rotor state feedback, and redundant control effectors

Umberto Saetti, Joseph Francis Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study considers two notional rotorcraft models: a conventional utility helicopter, representative of an H-60, and a wing-only compound utility rotorcraft, representative of an H-60 with with a wing similar to the X-49A wing. An Explicit Model Following (EMF) control scheme is designed to achieve stability and desired Rate Command / Attitude Hold (RCAH) response around the roll, pitch and yaw axes, while alleviating vibratory loads through both feed-forward and feedback compensation. The harmonic decomposition methodology is extended to enable optimization of primary flight control laws that mitigate vibratory loads. Specifically, Linear Time Periodic (LTP) systems representative of the periodic rotorcraft dynamics are approximated by Linear Time Invariant (LTI) models, which are then reduced and used in LQR design to constrain the harmonics of the vibratory loads. The LQR gains are incorporated in the EMF scheme for feedback compensation. One innovative approach is the addition of rotor state feedback to standard rigid body state feedback. A Pseudo Inverse (PI) strategy is incorporated into the EMF scheme for redundant control allocation. Finally, simulation results with and without load alleviation are compared and the impact of PI feed-forward and rotor state feedback compensation on handling qualities is assessed in terms of ADS-33E specifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
Volume2018-May
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event74th American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum and Technology Display 2018: The Future of Vertical Flight - Phoenix, United States
Duration: May 14 2018May 17 2018

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State feedback
Rotors
Decomposition
Feedback
Time varying systems
Helicopters
Specifications
Compensation and Redress

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Load alleviation control design using harmonic decomposition models, rotor state feedback, and redundant control effectors",
abstract = "The present study considers two notional rotorcraft models: a conventional utility helicopter, representative of an H-60, and a wing-only compound utility rotorcraft, representative of an H-60 with with a wing similar to the X-49A wing. An Explicit Model Following (EMF) control scheme is designed to achieve stability and desired Rate Command / Attitude Hold (RCAH) response around the roll, pitch and yaw axes, while alleviating vibratory loads through both feed-forward and feedback compensation. The harmonic decomposition methodology is extended to enable optimization of primary flight control laws that mitigate vibratory loads. Specifically, Linear Time Periodic (LTP) systems representative of the periodic rotorcraft dynamics are approximated by Linear Time Invariant (LTI) models, which are then reduced and used in LQR design to constrain the harmonics of the vibratory loads. The LQR gains are incorporated in the EMF scheme for feedback compensation. One innovative approach is the addition of rotor state feedback to standard rigid body state feedback. A Pseudo Inverse (PI) strategy is incorporated into the EMF scheme for redundant control allocation. Finally, simulation results with and without load alleviation are compared and the impact of PI feed-forward and rotor state feedback compensation on handling qualities is assessed in terms of ADS-33E specifications.",
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N2 - The present study considers two notional rotorcraft models: a conventional utility helicopter, representative of an H-60, and a wing-only compound utility rotorcraft, representative of an H-60 with with a wing similar to the X-49A wing. An Explicit Model Following (EMF) control scheme is designed to achieve stability and desired Rate Command / Attitude Hold (RCAH) response around the roll, pitch and yaw axes, while alleviating vibratory loads through both feed-forward and feedback compensation. The harmonic decomposition methodology is extended to enable optimization of primary flight control laws that mitigate vibratory loads. Specifically, Linear Time Periodic (LTP) systems representative of the periodic rotorcraft dynamics are approximated by Linear Time Invariant (LTI) models, which are then reduced and used in LQR design to constrain the harmonics of the vibratory loads. The LQR gains are incorporated in the EMF scheme for feedback compensation. One innovative approach is the addition of rotor state feedback to standard rigid body state feedback. A Pseudo Inverse (PI) strategy is incorporated into the EMF scheme for redundant control allocation. Finally, simulation results with and without load alleviation are compared and the impact of PI feed-forward and rotor state feedback compensation on handling qualities is assessed in terms of ADS-33E specifications.

AB - The present study considers two notional rotorcraft models: a conventional utility helicopter, representative of an H-60, and a wing-only compound utility rotorcraft, representative of an H-60 with with a wing similar to the X-49A wing. An Explicit Model Following (EMF) control scheme is designed to achieve stability and desired Rate Command / Attitude Hold (RCAH) response around the roll, pitch and yaw axes, while alleviating vibratory loads through both feed-forward and feedback compensation. The harmonic decomposition methodology is extended to enable optimization of primary flight control laws that mitigate vibratory loads. Specifically, Linear Time Periodic (LTP) systems representative of the periodic rotorcraft dynamics are approximated by Linear Time Invariant (LTI) models, which are then reduced and used in LQR design to constrain the harmonics of the vibratory loads. The LQR gains are incorporated in the EMF scheme for feedback compensation. One innovative approach is the addition of rotor state feedback to standard rigid body state feedback. A Pseudo Inverse (PI) strategy is incorporated into the EMF scheme for redundant control allocation. Finally, simulation results with and without load alleviation are compared and the impact of PI feed-forward and rotor state feedback compensation on handling qualities is assessed in terms of ADS-33E specifications.

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