Local adenosine receptor blockade accentuates the sympathetic responses to fatiguing exercise

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Abstract

The role adenosine plays in evoking the exercise pressor reflex in humans remains controversial. We hypothesized that localized forearm adenosine receptor blockade would attenuate muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) responses to fatiguing handgrip exercise in humans. Blood pressure (Finometer), heart rate, and MSNA from the peroneal nerve were assessed in 11 healthy young volunteers during fatiguing isometric handgrip, postexercise circulatory occlusion (PECO), and passive muscle stretch during PECO. The protocol was performed before and after adenosine receptor blockade by local infusion of 40 mg aminophylline in saline via forearm Bier block (regional intravenous anesthesia). In the second experiment, the same amount of saline was infused via the Bier block. After aminophylline, the MSNA and blood pressure responses to fatiguing handgrip, PECO, and passive stretch (all P < 0.05) were significantly greater than during the control condition. Saline Bier block had no similar effects on the MSNA and blood pressure responses. These data suggest that adenosine receptor antagonism in the exercising muscles may accentuate sympathetic activation during fatiguing exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2130-H2137
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume298
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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