Age-related impairments in cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate (SR) during exercise may result from increased arginase activity, which can attenuate endogenous nitric oxide (NO) production. We therefore evaluated whether arginase inhibition modulates these heat-loss responses in young (n 9, 23 3 yr) and older (n 9, 66 6 yr) men during two 30-min bouts of moderate-intensity cycling (Ex1 and Ex2) in the heat (35°C). CVC and SR were measured at forearm skin sites perfused with 1) lactated Ringer’s (control), 2) NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; NO synthase-inhibited), or 3) N-hydroxy-nor-arginine and S-(2-boronoethyl)-L-cysteine (Nor-NOHA BEC; arginase-inhibited). In both groups, CVC was reduced at L-NAME relative to control and Nor-NOHA BEC (both P 0.01). Likewise, SR was attenuated with L-NAME compared with control and Nor-NOHA BEC during each exercise bout in the young men (all P 0.05); however, no influence of treatment on SR in the older men was observed (P 0.14). Based on these findings, we then evaluated responses in 7 older men (64 7 yr) during passively induced elevations in esophageal temperature (Tes) equal to those in Ex1 (0.6°C) and Ex2 (0.8°C). L-NAME reduced CVC by 18 20% CVCmax at a Tes of 0.8°C (P 0.03) compared with control, whereas Nor-NOHA BEC augmented CVC by 20 18% CVCmax, on average, throughout heating (both P 0.03). SR was not influenced by either treatment (P 0.80) Thus, arginase inhibition does not modulate CVC or SR during exercise in the heat but, consistent with previous findings, does augment CVC in older men during passive heating.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)