Local magnitude scale for the Ethiopian Plateau

Richard Brazier, Q. Miao, Andrew Arnold Nyblade, A. Ayele, C. A. Langston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A local magnitude (ML) scale and seismicity catalog for the Ethiopian Plateau have been developed using data collected by the 2000-2002 Ethiopia Broadband Seismic Experiment. Locations for 253 local and regional events have been obtained using P-wave arrival times recorded on four or more stations. For constructing the ML scale, waveforms were corrected for instrument response and convolved with the nominal Wood-Anderson torsion seismograph response. Maximum S-wave amplitudes were then picked on the horizontal components of ground motion (3218 total observations) and used in an inversion for event magnitudes, two model parameters, and 54 horizontal component station corrections. The distance correction obtained from the inversion is -logA0 = 0.726log(r/ 100) + 0.000558(r - 100) + 3.0, where r is the hypocentral distance in kilometers. Seven of the 253 events can be considered ground truth (GT) events, with epicentral locations accurate to within 5 km according to the GT5 local criteria of Bondar et al. (2004). In contrast to previously reported ground-motion attenuation for the Main Ethiopian Rift, we find relatively low ground-motion attenuation for the Ethiopian Plateau, reflecting variations in crustal structure between the Ethiopian Plateau and Main Ethiopian Rift.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2341-2348
Number of pages8
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

Fingerprint

ground motion
plateaus
Seismographs
plateau
Torsional stress
Wood
torsion
stations
attenuation
Ethiopia
inversions
seismograph
arrival time
crustal structure
P-wave
ground truth
seismicity
S-wave
seismographs
P waves

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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Local magnitude scale for the Ethiopian Plateau. / Brazier, Richard; Miao, Q.; Nyblade, Andrew Arnold; Ayele, A.; Langston, C. A.

In: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 98, No. 5, 01.10.2008, p. 2341-2348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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