Locating star-forming regions in quasar host galaxies

J. E. Young, M. Eracleous, O. Shemmer, H. Netzer, C. Gronwall, Dieter Lutz, R. Ciardullo, Eckhard Sturm

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Abstract

We present a study of the morphology and intensity of star formation in the host galaxies of eight Palomar-Green quasars using observations with the Hubble Space Telescope. Our observations are motivated by recent evidence for a close relationship between black hole growth and the stellar mass evolution in its host galaxy. We use narrow-band [O ii]λ3727, Hβ, [O iii]λ5007 and Paα images, taken with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 and NICMOS instruments, to map the morphology of line-emitting regions, and, after extinction corrections, diagnose the excitation mechanism and infer star-formation rates. Significant challenges in this type of work are the separation of the quasar light from the stellar continuum and the quasar-excited gas from the star-forming regions. To this end, we present a novel technique for image decomposition and subtraction of quasar light. Our primary result is the detection of extended line-emitting regions with sizes ranging from 0.5 to 5 kpc and distributed symmetrically around the nucleus, powered primarily by star formation. We determine star-formation rates of the order of a few tens of M yr-1. The host galaxies of our target quasars have stellar masses of the order of 1011 M and specific star-formation rates on a par with those of M82 and luminous infrared galaxies. As such they fall at the upper envelope or just above the star-formation mass sequence in the specific star formation versus stellar mass diagram. We see a clear trend of increasing star-formation rate with quasar luminosity, reinforcing the link between the growth of the stellar mass of the host and the black hole mass found by other authors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberstt2145
Pages (from-to)217-239
Number of pages23
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume438
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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