Long-time behavior of the momentum distribution during the sudden expansion of a spin-imbalanced fermi gas in one dimension

C. J. Bolech, F. Heidrich-Meisner, S. Langer, I. P. McCulloch, G. Orso, M. Rigol

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the sudden expansion of spin-imbalanced ultracold lattice fermions with attractive interactions in one dimension after turning off the longitudinal confining potential. We show that the momentum distribution functions of majority and minority fermions quickly approach stationary values due to a quantum distillation mechanism that results in a spatial separation of pairs and majority fermions. As a consequence, Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) correlations are lost during the expansion. Furthermore, we argue that the shape of the stationary momentum distribution functions can be understood by relating them to the integrals of motion in this integrable quantum system. We discuss our results in the context of proposals to observe FFLO correlations, related to recent experiments by Liao, Nature (London) 467, 567 (2010).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110602
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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