Looking inside the skyscraper: size and occupancy of Toronto office buildings, 1890-1950.

G. Gad, D. W. Holdsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Although the emergence of skyscrapers as a distinctive element in the downtown fabric symbolizes economic change and progress, research questions surrounding their appearance need to go beyond merely noting their height and facade detail. Using studies in Toronto, Ontario, this paper investigates more useful measures such as floorspace, tenancies, and employment levels that have been calculated for several generations of office buildings. The possibilities and limitations of fire insurance atlases, assessment rolls, street directories, and company records are examined. The case studies suggest the interrelatedness of forces at work in shaping office-district landscapes.-Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-189
Number of pages14
JournalUrban History Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1987


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Urban Studies

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