Lorentz invariance violation and its role in Quantum Gravity phenomenology

J. Collins, A. Perez, D. Sudarsky

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Although there is enormous uncertainty about the nature of Quantum Gravity (QG), one thing is quite certain: the commonly used ideas of space and time should break down at or before the Planck length is reached. For example, elementary scattering processes with a Planck-sized center-of-mass energy create large enough quantum fluctuations in the gravitational field that space-time can no longer be treated as a classical continuum. It is then natural to question the exactness of the Lorentz invariance (LI) that is pervasive in all more macroscopic theories. Exact LI requires that an object can be arbitrarily boosted. Since the corresponding Lorentz contractions involve arbitrarily small distances, there is an obvious tension with the expected breakdown of classical space-time at the Planck length. Indeed, quite general arguments are made that lead to violations of LI within the two most popular approaches towards QG: string theory and loop quantum gravity This has given added impetus to the established line of research dedicated to the investigation of ways in which fundamental symmetries, like LI or CPT, could be broken. It was realized that extremely precise tests could be made with a sensitivity appropriate to certain order of magnitude estimates of violations of LI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationApproaches to Quantum Gravity
Subtitle of host publicationToward a New Understanding of Space, Time and Matter
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages528-547
Number of pages20
Volume9780521860451
ISBN (Electronic)9780511575549
ISBN (Print)9780521860451
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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