Metamaterials have been used in many different configurations to enhance the radiation properties of antennas. However, the vast majority of these metamaterial applications only consider linearly polarized antennas. This paper discusses the theory, design, implementation, and measurements of a far-field collimating lens for use with a circularly-polarized crossed-dipole antenna constructed from a 3D-volumetric metamaterial slab. Zero-index materials (ZIM) and low-index materials (LIM) cause the magnitude and phase of the radiated field across the face of the lens to be distributed uniformly, increasing the broadside gain over the feed antenna alone. Full-wave simulations were used in design of the lens, and a prototype metamaterial lens (meta-lens) was constructed and measured to verify the theoretical predictions. The meta-lens was found to increase the measured directivity of a crossed-dipole feed antenna by more than 6 dB, in good agreement with numerical simulations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering