Low density lipoprotein receptors in rat adipose cells: Subcellular localization and regulation by insulin

F. B. Kraemer, S. A. Sather, B. Park, C. Sztalryd, V. Natu, K. May, H. Nishimura, Ian Simpson, A. D. Cooper, S. W. Cushman

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Abstract

The distribution of LDL receptors within subcellular compartments of isolated rat adipose cells and the effects of insulin on their expression have been assessed. By immunoblotting with specific anti-rat LDL receptor antibodies, LDL receptors were 2.3- and 4.5-fold enriched in endoplasmic reticulum-rich high-density microsomes (HDM) and Golgi complex-rich low- density microsomes (LDM), respectively, compared to plasma membranes (PM). This distribution was similar in cultured cells in which total receptors were increased 2.5-fold compared to freshly isolated cells. After correction for enzyme recoveries, LDL receptors were distributed ~4% in HDM, ~73% in LDM, and ~23% in PM. Insulin decreased total LDL receptors in adipose cells ~44%, with a 48% and 49% decrease in HDM and LDM, respectively, without any changes in PM. In contrast, insulin caused an increase of glucose transporters in PM while also decreasing glucose transporters in LDM. When adipose cells were depleted of potassium to inhibit receptor-mediated endocytosis, insulin again caused a decrease of LDL receptors in LDM but now increased LDL receptors in PM. Insulin increased the rate of LDL receptor synthesis ~24%, but decreased their half life ~40%. Thus, in isolated adipose cells the majority of LDL receptors appear to be located in an intracellular compartment that co-sediments with the Golgi complex rather than located in the PM. The LDL receptors localized in intracellular compartments seem to be functionally regulated as insulin acutely diminishes the number of receptors by apparently accelerating their rate of degradation through, as yet, incompletely determined mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1760-1772
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume35
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Kraemer, F. B., Sather, S. A., Park, B., Sztalryd, C., Natu, V., May, K., Nishimura, H., Simpson, I., Cooper, A. D., & Cushman, S. W. (1994). Low density lipoprotein receptors in rat adipose cells: Subcellular localization and regulation by insulin. Journal of Lipid Research, 35(10), 1760-1772.