Low heart rate variability in a 2-minute electrocardiogram recording is associated with an increased Risk of sudden cardiac death in the general population: The Atherosclerosis Risk in communities study

Ankit Maheshwari, Faye L. Norby, Elsayed Z. Soliman, Selcuk Adabag, Eric A. Whitse, Alvaro Alonso, Lin Y. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low heart rate variability (HRV) has been linked to increased total mortality in the general population; however, the relationship between low HRV and sudden cardiac death (SCD) is less well-characterized. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between low HRV and SCD in a community-based cohort. Our cohort consisted of 12,543 participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. HRV measures were derived from 2-minute electrocardiogram recordings obtained during the baseline exam (1987-89). Time domain measurements included the standard deviation of all normal RR intervals (SDNN) and the root mean squared successive difference (r-MSSD). Frequency domain measurements included low frequency power (LF) and high frequency (HF) power. During a median follow-up of 13 years, 215 SCDs were identified from physician adjudication of all coronary heart disease deaths through 2001. In multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models, each standard deviation decrement in SDNN, LF, and HF were associated with 24%, 27% and 16% increase in SCD risk, respectively. Low HRV is independently associated with increased risk of SCD in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0161648
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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