Low-power microwave arcjet testing: Plasma and plume diagnostics and performance evaluation

F. J. Souliez, S. G. Chianese, G. H. Dizac, Michael Matthew Micci

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results of an experimental study of a microwave thruster are presented. Performance evaluation of a 7.5 GHz engine was done using different propellants under both atmospheric and vacuum conditions. Helium, nitrogen and ammonia were tested providing mean chamber stagnation temperature values. Other experiments include plasma and plume diagnostics. Emission spectroscopy of the plasma was made in order to measure the plasma electron temperature at different specific power levels, and the commonly-made assumption of Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) was examined. In order to obtain thrust and specific impulse data under vacuum conditions, the Doppler shift between light emitted by the exhaust plume parallel to the gas velocity and perpendicular to the flow was measured using a high spectral resolution Fabry-Perot interferometer, yielding centerline specific impulse values for helium propellant at various specific powers. Thrust and mean specific impulses for all three propellants are being measured using a vertical mechanical thrust stand mounted inside a vacuum tank.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages1-11
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Event35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Jun 20 1999Jun 24 1999

Other

Other35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period6/20/996/24/99

Fingerprint

Propellants
Microwaves
Vacuum
Plasmas
Helium
Testing
Plasma diagnostics
Fabry-Perot interferometers
Spectral resolution
Electron temperature
Doppler effect
Emission spectroscopy
Ammonia
Thermodynamics
Engines
Nitrogen
Gases
Experiments
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Souliez, F. J., Chianese, S. G., Dizac, G. H., & Micci, M. M. (1999). Low-power microwave arcjet testing: Plasma and plume diagnostics and performance evaluation. 1-11. Paper presented at 35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999, Los Angeles, United States.
Souliez, F. J. ; Chianese, S. G. ; Dizac, G. H. ; Micci, Michael Matthew. / Low-power microwave arcjet testing : Plasma and plume diagnostics and performance evaluation. Paper presented at 35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999, Los Angeles, United States.11 p.
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Souliez, FJ, Chianese, SG, Dizac, GH & Micci, MM 1999, 'Low-power microwave arcjet testing: Plasma and plume diagnostics and performance evaluation' Paper presented at 35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999, Los Angeles, United States, 6/20/99 - 6/24/99, pp. 1-11.

Low-power microwave arcjet testing : Plasma and plume diagnostics and performance evaluation. / Souliez, F. J.; Chianese, S. G.; Dizac, G. H.; Micci, Michael Matthew.

1999. 1-11 Paper presented at 35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999, Los Angeles, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Micci, Michael Matthew

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AB - The results of an experimental study of a microwave thruster are presented. Performance evaluation of a 7.5 GHz engine was done using different propellants under both atmospheric and vacuum conditions. Helium, nitrogen and ammonia were tested providing mean chamber stagnation temperature values. Other experiments include plasma and plume diagnostics. Emission spectroscopy of the plasma was made in order to measure the plasma electron temperature at different specific power levels, and the commonly-made assumption of Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) was examined. In order to obtain thrust and specific impulse data under vacuum conditions, the Doppler shift between light emitted by the exhaust plume parallel to the gas velocity and perpendicular to the flow was measured using a high spectral resolution Fabry-Perot interferometer, yielding centerline specific impulse values for helium propellant at various specific powers. Thrust and mean specific impulses for all three propellants are being measured using a vertical mechanical thrust stand mounted inside a vacuum tank.

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Souliez FJ, Chianese SG, Dizac GH, Micci MM. Low-power microwave arcjet testing: Plasma and plume diagnostics and performance evaluation. 1999. Paper presented at 35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999, Los Angeles, United States.