Unexpectedly low hemoglobin oxygen saturation as determined by pulse- oximeter analysis was observed in a patient who underwent an elective surgical procedure. Specific hemoglobin derivatives such as carboxyhemoglobin, methemoglobin, and reduced hemoglobin that have been described to lower pulse-oximetry determination of oxygenation were not detected. Absorbance spectra revealed the patient's hemoglobin to be different than that obtained from two normal volunteers. High-pressure liquid chromatographic analysis of the hemoglobin showed an unknown band that comprised 15% of the patient's hemoglobin. DNA sequence analysis showed a point mutation in the second nucleotide of the 45th codon of the β-globin chain. This mutation encodes for an abnormal β-chain (β-45 Phe→Ser) that has been described as hemoglobin Cheverly. Hemoglobin Cheverly is an unstable hemoglobin that has a similar mutation as the β-42 Phe-→Ser mutation seen in hemoglobin Hammersmith. Hemoglobin Hammersmith and another unstable hemoglobin, hemoglobin Koln, have previously been described to have unexpectedly low pulse-oximeter-determined oxyhemoglobin levels. That we find hemoglobin Cheverly to result in a similar phenomenon suggests that pulse- oximeter monitoring of oxygenation status may not be appropriate for the unstable hemoglobins. Low pulse-oximeter oxygenation determinations for these hemoglobins do not appear to predict clinical hypoxemia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Hematology|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1998|
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