Low quality of dying and death in patients with septic shock as perceived by nurses and resident physicians

Lauren Van Scoy, Jean M. Reading, Judie Ann Howrylak, Apurva Tamhane, Michael S. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Septic shock is a disease with both high prevalence and mortality. Few studies have evaluated the quality of dying and death (QODD) in patients with septic shock. The authors compared the QODD of patients who died of septic shock versus other causes. They prospectively collected QODD surveys from nurses and residents caring for 196 patients who died in the medical intensive care unit (ICU) at an urban, university hospital. Patients were included in the analysis if either a nurse or resident returned a survey. Chart review established cause of death. The authors compared total QODD scores (on a scale of 0–100) and a single-item score (QODD-1; on a scale of 0–10) of patients who died of septic shock versus other causes. Survey response rates were 59% (n = 155) for residents and 49% (n = 129) for nurses. Nurses rated patients as having lower total QODD and QODD-1 scores for septic (Δ 7.5 points, p = 0.03, and 0.9 points, p = 0.05, respectively). Residents rated septic patients with lower QODD-1 scores than nonseptic patients (Δ 0.8 points, p = 0.03). This study shows that nurses rate patients with septic shock as having lower QODD than patients dying of other causes. These findings are important for clinicians who counsel families of patients dying of septic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-493
Number of pages8
JournalDeath Studies
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2016

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Septic Shock
Nurses
Physicians
Residents
Dying
Urban Hospitals
Intensive Care Units
Cause of Death
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "Septic shock is a disease with both high prevalence and mortality. Few studies have evaluated the quality of dying and death (QODD) in patients with septic shock. The authors compared the QODD of patients who died of septic shock versus other causes. They prospectively collected QODD surveys from nurses and residents caring for 196 patients who died in the medical intensive care unit (ICU) at an urban, university hospital. Patients were included in the analysis if either a nurse or resident returned a survey. Chart review established cause of death. The authors compared total QODD scores (on a scale of 0–100) and a single-item score (QODD-1; on a scale of 0–10) of patients who died of septic shock versus other causes. Survey response rates were 59{\%} (n = 155) for residents and 49{\%} (n = 129) for nurses. Nurses rated patients as having lower total QODD and QODD-1 scores for septic (Δ 7.5 points, p = 0.03, and 0.9 points, p = 0.05, respectively). Residents rated septic patients with lower QODD-1 scores than nonseptic patients (Δ 0.8 points, p = 0.03). This study shows that nurses rate patients with septic shock as having lower QODD than patients dying of other causes. These findings are important for clinicians who counsel families of patients dying of septic shock.",
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Low quality of dying and death in patients with septic shock as perceived by nurses and resident physicians. / Van Scoy, Lauren; Reading, Jean M.; Howrylak, Judie Ann; Tamhane, Apurva; Sherman, Michael S.

In: Death Studies, Vol. 40, No. 8, 13.09.2016, p. 486-493.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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