Low temperature annealing of metals with electrical wind force effects

Daudi Rigenda Waryoba, Zahabul Islam, Baoming Wang, Md Amanul Haque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional annealing is a slow, high temperature process that involves heating atoms uniformly, i.e., in both defective and crystalline regions. This study explores an electrical alternative for energy efficiency, where moderate current density is used to generate electron wind force that produces the same outcome as the thermal annealing process. We demonstrate this on a zirconium alloy using in-situ electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and juxtaposing the results with that from thermal annealing. Contrary to common belief that resistive heating is the dominant factor, we show that 5 × 104 A/cm2 current density can anneal the material in less than 15 min at only 135 °C. The resulting microstructure is essentially the same as that obtained with 600 °C processing for 360 min. We propose that unlike temperature, the electron wind force specifically targets the defective regions, which leads to unprecedented time and energy efficiency. This hypothesis was investigated with molecular dynamics simulation that implements mechanical equivalent of electron wind force to provide the atomistic insights on defect annihilation and grain growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-472
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

Metals
Annealing
Electrons
Energy efficiency
Current density
Heating
Zirconium alloys
Temperature
Grain growth
Molecular dynamics
Electron microscopes
Diffraction
Crystalline materials
Scanning
Atoms
Defects
Microstructure
Computer simulation
Processing
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Conventional annealing is a slow, high temperature process that involves heating atoms uniformly, i.e., in both defective and crystalline regions. This study explores an electrical alternative for energy efficiency, where moderate current density is used to generate electron wind force that produces the same outcome as the thermal annealing process. We demonstrate this on a zirconium alloy using in-situ electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and juxtaposing the results with that from thermal annealing. Contrary to common belief that resistive heating is the dominant factor, we show that 5 × 104 A/cm2 current density can anneal the material in less than 15 min at only 135 °C. The resulting microstructure is essentially the same as that obtained with 600 °C processing for 360 min. We propose that unlike temperature, the electron wind force specifically targets the defective regions, which leads to unprecedented time and energy efficiency. This hypothesis was investigated with molecular dynamics simulation that implements mechanical equivalent of electron wind force to provide the atomistic insights on defect annihilation and grain growth.",
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Low temperature annealing of metals with electrical wind force effects. / Waryoba, Daudi Rigenda; Islam, Zahabul; Wang, Baoming; Haque, Md Amanul.

In: Journal of Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 465-472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Waryoba, Daudi Rigenda

AU - Islam, Zahabul

AU - Wang, Baoming

AU - Haque, Md Amanul

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AB - Conventional annealing is a slow, high temperature process that involves heating atoms uniformly, i.e., in both defective and crystalline regions. This study explores an electrical alternative for energy efficiency, where moderate current density is used to generate electron wind force that produces the same outcome as the thermal annealing process. We demonstrate this on a zirconium alloy using in-situ electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and juxtaposing the results with that from thermal annealing. Contrary to common belief that resistive heating is the dominant factor, we show that 5 × 104 A/cm2 current density can anneal the material in less than 15 min at only 135 °C. The resulting microstructure is essentially the same as that obtained with 600 °C processing for 360 min. We propose that unlike temperature, the electron wind force specifically targets the defective regions, which leads to unprecedented time and energy efficiency. This hypothesis was investigated with molecular dynamics simulation that implements mechanical equivalent of electron wind force to provide the atomistic insights on defect annihilation and grain growth.

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