Low-temperature-induced desaturation of fatty acids and expression of desaturase genes in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002

Toshio Sakamoto, Shoichi Higashi, Hajime Wada, Norio Murata, Donald Ashley Bryant

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Abstract

Changes in response to temperature of lipid classes, fatty acid composition and mRNA levels for acyl-lipid desaturase genes were studied in the marine unicellular cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. The degree of unsaturation of C18 fatty acids increased in cells grown at lower temperature for all lipid classes, and ω3 desaturation occurred specifically in cells grown at low temperature. While the level of 18:1(9) fatty acids declined, desaturation at the ω3 position of C18 fatty acids increased gradually during a 12-h period after a temperature shift-down to 22°C. However, the mRNA levels of the desA (Δ12 desaturase), desB (ω3 desaturase) and desC (Δ9 desaturase) genes increased within 15 min after a temperature shift-down to 22°C; the desaturase gene mRNA levels also rapidly declined within 15 min after a temperature shift-up to 38°C. Therefore, the elevation of mRNA levels for the desaturase genes is not the rate-limiting event for the increased desaturation of membrane lipids after a temperature shift- down. The rapid, low-temperature-induced changes in mRNA levels occurred even when cells were grown under light-limiting conditions for which the growth rates at 22°C and 38°C were identical. These studies indicate that the ambient growth temperature, and not some other growth rate-related process, regulates the expression of acyl lipid desaturation in this cyanobacterium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-320
Number of pages8
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume152
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 1997

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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