The role of an immersive cryogenic environment in affecting material response in machining was explored using dynamometry, calorimetry, electron microscopy, and microindentation. Effects of tool rake angle on energy dissipation, stored energy of cold work, deformed microstructure, and hardening were evaluated for machining under a fully submerged cryogenic cutting environment and a dry cutting environment. Sustained immersion of the cutting zone in liquid nitrogen resulted in greater energy dissipation and hardening in the work and machined subsurface. This increased hardening at low temperature was directly linked to greater microstructure refinement and a lower fraction of dissipated energy stored in the form of added defects and grain boundaries. Various microstructure types with domain sizes from microscale to nanoscale were developed in the machined chips, depending on the rake angle and temperature used.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering