Low-temperature SOFC with thin film GDC electrolyte prepared in situ by solid-state reaction

Y. J. Leng, S. H. Chan, S. P. Jiang, K. A. Khor

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Abstract

Dense electrolyte thin film made of Ce0.8Gd0.2O 1.90 (GDC20) with a thickness of about 10 μm and supported by Ni-Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.95 (GDC) cermet anode was fabricated in situ by solid-state reaction of ceria and gadolinia. The open circuit voltage of this GDC20 cell is 0.86 V at 600 °C and 0.95 V at 500 °C. With La0.8Sr0.2Co0.2Fe 0.8O3 (LSCF)-GDC composite cathode, we could achieve an excellent cell performance with the maximum power density of 578, 358, and 167 mW/cm2 at 600, 550 and 500 °C, respectively, under open-air conditions. With airflow through the cathode, the maximum power density increases to 625 mW/cm2 at 600 °C. It was also found that the cell impedance/polarization under open circuit is dominated by electrode polarization contribution; while under high cell overpotential, it is governed by both ohmic loss and electrode polarization contribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume170
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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