Low Temperature Thermal Conductivity, Heat Capacity, and Heat Generation of PZT

Shridhar Yarlagadda, Moses H.w. Chan, Hyun Lee, George A. Lesieutre, David W. Jensen, R. Scott Messer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The thermal conductivity, heat capacity and heat generation properties of two poled piezoceramic materials, a “soft” PZT-5H and a “hard” PZT-4S, were measured over the temperature range from 20 K to above 150 K. A single sample was used for each test type. The thermal conductivity (in the poling direction) of PZT-5H increased from 0.010 W/m-K at 15 K to 0.14 W/m-K at 300 K. The thermal conductivity of PZT-4S was generally higher, increasing from 0.018 to 0.34 W/m-K over the same temperature range. The heat capacity of PZT-5H increased from 23.3 J/kg-K at 23 K to 348 J/kg-K at 153 K, while the heat capacity of PZT-4S increased from 42.6 to 159 J/kg-K over the same range. Heat generation varied with drive amplitude and frequency as well as temperature, and is presented as an effective dielectric loss property. The dielectric loss for PZT-5H at 100 Hz varied from 4.15 (20 K) to 23.1 (150 K), and at 2000 Hz from 9.8 (20K) to 26.5 (150 K). As expected, the dielectric loss for the “hard” PZT-4S was lower, and varied at 100 Hz from 2.86 (25 K) to 16.2 (150 K), and at 2000 Hz from 6.47 (25 K) to 20.2 (150 K). A “transition” type behavior between 50 K and 80 K was observed for both materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-764
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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