B2O3-SiO2 is shown to act as a transient liquid phase sintering aid that reduces the sintering temperature of Nd:YAG ceramics to 1600 °C. 1 at.% Nd3xY3-3xAl 5O12 (Nd:YAG) ceramics were doped with 0.34-1.35 mol% B2O3-SiO2 and sintered between 1100 and 1700 °C. Dilatometric measurements show that B2O3-SiO 2 doping increases the densification rate during intermediate-stage sintering relative to SiO2-doped samples. B3+ content is reduced to <5 ppm in samples heated to 1500 °C, as determined by mass spectrometry. For B2O3-SiO2-doped samples, final stage densification and grain growth follow a more densifying sintering trajectory than SiO2-doped 1 at.% Nd:YAG ceramics because there is less SiO2 during final-stage densification. The increased densification kinetics during intermediate-stage sintering lead to highly transparent Nd:YAG ceramics when sintered at 1600 °C in either vacuum or oxygen. Thus, transparent Nd:YAG ceramics can be sintered without the need for expensive refractory metal vacuum furnaces or pressure-assisted densification.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering