Low voltage single crystal actuators

Xiaoning Jiang, Paul W. Rehrig, Jun Luo, Wesley S. Hackenberger, Shujun Zhang, Thomas R. Shrout

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper low voltage single crystal actuators were investigated using thin PMN-PT plates for applications requiring low voltage, large strain, low profile and/or actuation at cryogenic temperatures. Firstly, single crystal thickness effect on piezoelectric properties was studied by investigating the relationship between electromechanical coupling coefficient of PMN-PT crystals and the crystal thickness. It was found that electromechanical coupling coefficient (k t) of 50 μm, 75 μm and 100 μm PMN-PT single crystal thin plates are 0.5, 0.51, and 0.55, respectively, which are slightly lower than that of bulk single crystal (0.6). A couple of single crystal actuators were then assembled using crystal plates with thickness of 150-200 μm. These actuators were characterized by measuring strain vs. electric field at room temperature and cryogenic temperatures. A 3 mm × 3 mm × 19 mm single crystal stack actuator showed a 21 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and a 10 μm stroke at 60 K under 200 V. A 5 mm × 5 mm × 12 mm single crystal actuator showed 13.5 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and 6 μm stroke at 77 K under 150 V. These low voltage actuators hold promising for space precise positioning and adaptive structures and cryogenic SEM, SPM and STM applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSmart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials
Subtitle of host publicationBehavior and Mechanics
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2006
EventSmart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 27 2006Mar 2 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6170
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherSmart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period2/27/063/2/06

Fingerprint

Low Voltage
Single Crystal
low voltage
Actuator
Actuators
actuators
Single crystals
strokes
Stroke
single crystals
Electric potential
Cryogenics
Electromechanical Coupling
Electromechanical coupling
Crystal
cryogenic temperature
coupling coefficients
Crystals
room temperature
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Jiang, X., Rehrig, P. W., Luo, J., Hackenberger, W. S., Zhang, S., & Shrout, T. R. (2006). Low voltage single crystal actuators. In Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics [61700G] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6170). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.659621
Jiang, Xiaoning ; Rehrig, Paul W. ; Luo, Jun ; Hackenberger, Wesley S. ; Zhang, Shujun ; Shrout, Thomas R. / Low voltage single crystal actuators. Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics. 2006. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{41943bca9c344e51a6efda67436c6692,
title = "Low voltage single crystal actuators",
abstract = "In this paper low voltage single crystal actuators were investigated using thin PMN-PT plates for applications requiring low voltage, large strain, low profile and/or actuation at cryogenic temperatures. Firstly, single crystal thickness effect on piezoelectric properties was studied by investigating the relationship between electromechanical coupling coefficient of PMN-PT crystals and the crystal thickness. It was found that electromechanical coupling coefficient (k t) of 50 μm, 75 μm and 100 μm PMN-PT single crystal thin plates are 0.5, 0.51, and 0.55, respectively, which are slightly lower than that of bulk single crystal (0.6). A couple of single crystal actuators were then assembled using crystal plates with thickness of 150-200 μm. These actuators were characterized by measuring strain vs. electric field at room temperature and cryogenic temperatures. A 3 mm × 3 mm × 19 mm single crystal stack actuator showed a 21 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and a 10 μm stroke at 60 K under 200 V. A 5 mm × 5 mm × 12 mm single crystal actuator showed 13.5 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and 6 μm stroke at 77 K under 150 V. These low voltage actuators hold promising for space precise positioning and adaptive structures and cryogenic SEM, SPM and STM applications.",
author = "Xiaoning Jiang and Rehrig, {Paul W.} and Jun Luo and Hackenberger, {Wesley S.} and Shujun Zhang and Shrout, {Thomas R.}",
year = "2006",
month = "10",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1117/12.659621",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "0819462233",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
booktitle = "Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials",

}

Jiang, X, Rehrig, PW, Luo, J, Hackenberger, WS, Zhang, S & Shrout, TR 2006, Low voltage single crystal actuators. in Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics., 61700G, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 6170, Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, San Diego, CA, United States, 2/27/06. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.659621

Low voltage single crystal actuators. / Jiang, Xiaoning; Rehrig, Paul W.; Luo, Jun; Hackenberger, Wesley S.; Zhang, Shujun; Shrout, Thomas R.

Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics. 2006. 61700G (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6170).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Low voltage single crystal actuators

AU - Jiang, Xiaoning

AU - Rehrig, Paul W.

AU - Luo, Jun

AU - Hackenberger, Wesley S.

AU - Zhang, Shujun

AU - Shrout, Thomas R.

PY - 2006/10/16

Y1 - 2006/10/16

N2 - In this paper low voltage single crystal actuators were investigated using thin PMN-PT plates for applications requiring low voltage, large strain, low profile and/or actuation at cryogenic temperatures. Firstly, single crystal thickness effect on piezoelectric properties was studied by investigating the relationship between electromechanical coupling coefficient of PMN-PT crystals and the crystal thickness. It was found that electromechanical coupling coefficient (k t) of 50 μm, 75 μm and 100 μm PMN-PT single crystal thin plates are 0.5, 0.51, and 0.55, respectively, which are slightly lower than that of bulk single crystal (0.6). A couple of single crystal actuators were then assembled using crystal plates with thickness of 150-200 μm. These actuators were characterized by measuring strain vs. electric field at room temperature and cryogenic temperatures. A 3 mm × 3 mm × 19 mm single crystal stack actuator showed a 21 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and a 10 μm stroke at 60 K under 200 V. A 5 mm × 5 mm × 12 mm single crystal actuator showed 13.5 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and 6 μm stroke at 77 K under 150 V. These low voltage actuators hold promising for space precise positioning and adaptive structures and cryogenic SEM, SPM and STM applications.

AB - In this paper low voltage single crystal actuators were investigated using thin PMN-PT plates for applications requiring low voltage, large strain, low profile and/or actuation at cryogenic temperatures. Firstly, single crystal thickness effect on piezoelectric properties was studied by investigating the relationship between electromechanical coupling coefficient of PMN-PT crystals and the crystal thickness. It was found that electromechanical coupling coefficient (k t) of 50 μm, 75 μm and 100 μm PMN-PT single crystal thin plates are 0.5, 0.51, and 0.55, respectively, which are slightly lower than that of bulk single crystal (0.6). A couple of single crystal actuators were then assembled using crystal plates with thickness of 150-200 μm. These actuators were characterized by measuring strain vs. electric field at room temperature and cryogenic temperatures. A 3 mm × 3 mm × 19 mm single crystal stack actuator showed a 21 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and a 10 μm stroke at 60 K under 200 V. A 5 mm × 5 mm × 12 mm single crystal actuator showed 13.5 μm stroke at room temperature under 150 V, and 6 μm stroke at 77 K under 150 V. These low voltage actuators hold promising for space precise positioning and adaptive structures and cryogenic SEM, SPM and STM applications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33749547371&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33749547371&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.659621

DO - 10.1117/12.659621

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:33749547371

SN - 0819462233

SN - 9780819462237

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials

ER -

Jiang X, Rehrig PW, Luo J, Hackenberger WS, Zhang S, Shrout TR. Low voltage single crystal actuators. In Smart Structures and Materials 2006 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics. 2006. 61700G. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.659621