Lung cancer risk and workplace exposures in black men and women

Joshua E. Muscat, Steven D. Stellman, John P. Richie, Ernst L. Wynder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are little data on workplace exposures and lung cancer risk in blacks. An ongoing case-control study of lung cancer that included 550 black men and women with lung cancer and 386 age-matched controls was examined by reported occupational exposures and job titles. In men, significant associations were observed with reported exposure to asbestos [odds ratio (OR), 1.8; 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.03-3.1] and coal dust (OR, 2.8; 95% CI 1.1-7.0). Elevated but nonsignificant risks of 1.4 or more were detected for the following occupations: police/security guards, farmers/farm workers, laborers, and motor-vehicle drivers. In women, nonsignificant increased risks were found with reported exposure to paint (OR, 1.8) and gas fames (OR, 4.9). Women employed as farmers/farm workers and building maintenance workers had elevated but nonsignificant risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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