Background. Single lung transplantation (SLT) and bilateral lung transplantation (BLT) are routinely performed in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and secondary pulmonary hypertension (SPH). It is unclear which procedure is preferable. We reviewed our experience with lung transplants for PPH and SPH to determine if any advantage exists with SLT or BLT for either PPH or SPH. Methods. We reviewed the outcomes of all lung transplants performed for PPH or SPH for 4.5 years (July 1995 to January 2000). Survival was reported by the Kaplan-Meier method, and log rank analysis was used to determine significance. Statistical analyses of clinical data were performed using analysis of variance and X2 analysis. Results. A total of 57 recipients met criteria for pulmonary hypertension with a mean pulmonary artery pressure of greater than or equal to 30 mm Hg. There were 15 patients with PPH and 40 patients with SPH. There were 6 patients who had SLTs and 9 patients who had BLTs in the PPH group; and there were 9 patients who had SLTs and 21 patients who had BLTs in the SPH group. We found a survival advantage for PPH patients who underwent BLTs at all time points up to 4 years (100% vs 67%; p ≤ 0.02). There was no clear advantage to SLTs or BLTs for SPH. At 4 years there was a trend toward improved survival with SLTs (91% vs 75%) in SPH patients with a mean pulmonary artery pressure less than or equal to 40 mm Hg (p ≤ 0.11) with equivalent survival (80%) in patients with a mean pulmonary artery pressure greater than or equal to 40 mm Hg. There was also a trend toward improved survival in patients with a mean pulmonary artery pressure greater than or equal to 40 mm Hg (PPH and SPH) with BLTs (88% vs 62%; p = 0.19). The incidence of rejection, infection, and other complications was comparable between SLTs and BLTs in each group. Conclusions. We believe that BLT is the procedure of choice for PPH. The procedure of choice is less clear for SPH. Patients with SPH and a mean pulmonary artery pressure greater than 40 mm Hg may benefit from a BLT and those with a mean pulmonary artery pressure less than or equal to 40 mm Hg may do better with an SLT; however, no clear advantage is seen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine