LYNCHINGS, RACIAL THREAT, AND WHITES’ PUNITIVE VIEWS TOWARD BLACKS

Eric A. Stewart, Daniel P. Mears, Patricia Y. Warren, Eric P. Baumer, Ashley N. Arnio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disparities in historical and contemporary punishment of Blacks have been well documented. Racial threat has been proffered as a theoretical explanation for this phenomenon. In an effort to understand the factors that influence punishment and racial divides in America, we draw on racial threat theory and prior scholarship to test three hypotheses. First, Black punitive sentiment among Whites will be greater among those who reside in areas where lynching was more common. Second, heightened Black punitive sentiment among Whites in areas with more pronounced legacies of lynching will be partially mediated by Whites’ perceptions of Blacks’ criminality and of Black-on-White violence in these areas. Third, the impact of lynching on Black punitive sentiment will be amplified by Whites’ perceptions of Blacks as criminals and as threatening more generally. We find partial support for these hypotheses. The results indicate that lynchings are associated with punitive sentiment toward Black offenders, and these relationships are partially mediated by perceptions of Blacks as criminals and as threats to Whites. In addition, the effects of lynchings on Black punitiveness are amplified among White respondents who view Blacks as a threat to Whites. These results highlight the salience of historical context for understanding contemporary views about punishment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-480
Number of pages26
JournalCriminology
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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Punishment
threat
penalty
Criminality
Violence
offender
violence
hydroquinone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Stewart, Eric A. ; Mears, Daniel P. ; Warren, Patricia Y. ; Baumer, Eric P. ; Arnio, Ashley N. / LYNCHINGS, RACIAL THREAT, AND WHITES’ PUNITIVE VIEWS TOWARD BLACKS. In: Criminology. 2018 ; Vol. 56, No. 3. pp. 455-480.
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Stewart, EA, Mears, DP, Warren, PY, Baumer, EP & Arnio, AN 2018, 'LYNCHINGS, RACIAL THREAT, AND WHITES’ PUNITIVE VIEWS TOWARD BLACKS', Criminology, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 455-480. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9125.12176

LYNCHINGS, RACIAL THREAT, AND WHITES’ PUNITIVE VIEWS TOWARD BLACKS. / Stewart, Eric A.; Mears, Daniel P.; Warren, Patricia Y.; Baumer, Eric P.; Arnio, Ashley N.

In: Criminology, Vol. 56, No. 3, 01.08.2018, p. 455-480.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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