Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops: Field shape complexity defines the efficiency

L. Michael Griffel, Veronika Vazhnik, Damon Hartley, Jason K. Hansen, Thomas Lehman Richard

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Perennial crops can serve as a feedstock to produce biomaterials and biofuels while enhancing soil and water quality. Perennial crops can provide income from the biomass produced while also delivering valuable ecosystem services. Planting perennial crops benefit the farmer if placed along streams, on steep hillsides, and other environmentally vulnerable areas of a field. However, planting perennial crops in these vulnerable areas may result in complex field shapes which can decrease the machine routing efficiency reducing the economic benefits. Such decrease in logistic machinery efficiency reflects the more time spent on the field and the higher operation cost. This paper analyzed the time series data from switchgrass harvesting operations to show the correlation between field shape descriptors and machinery efficiency. By conducting regression analysis between field area and boundary shape descriptors, and the ratios between working time and total time in the field, we could show the relationship between machinery efficiency and the descriptors. The curb index served as a useful predictor of machinery efficiency and can be used to predict field efficiency based on field geometry, equipment coverage width, and the number of headland passes when empirical data cannot be collected. Such correlation is vital to calculate the cost of perennial crop machinery operations, and thus to estimate the cost-effectiveness of such crops in an integrated landscape design. The established relationship can be used in farm techno-economic analysis, as well as in designing fields that maximize the machinery efficiency given the field shape and in-field obstacles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting - Detroit, United States
Duration: Jul 29 2018Aug 1 2018

Other

OtherASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit
Period7/29/188/1/18

Fingerprint

field crops
Crops
Machinery
crops
planting
biocompatible materials
landscaping
Panicum virgatum
Curbs
cost effectiveness
economic analysis
feedstocks
Biofuels
biofuels
Economic analysis
ecosystem services
Biocompatible Materials
Cost effectiveness
time series analysis
soil quality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Griffel, L. M., Vazhnik, V., Hartley, D., Hansen, J. K., & Richard, T. L. (2018). Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops: Field shape complexity defines the efficiency. Paper presented at ASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting, Detroit, United States. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.201800440
Griffel, L. Michael ; Vazhnik, Veronika ; Hartley, Damon ; Hansen, Jason K. ; Richard, Thomas Lehman. / Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops : Field shape complexity defines the efficiency. Paper presented at ASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting, Detroit, United States.
@conference{f7807e9c0db04421818e96b24028e6bb,
title = "Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops: Field shape complexity defines the efficiency",
abstract = "Perennial crops can serve as a feedstock to produce biomaterials and biofuels while enhancing soil and water quality. Perennial crops can provide income from the biomass produced while also delivering valuable ecosystem services. Planting perennial crops benefit the farmer if placed along streams, on steep hillsides, and other environmentally vulnerable areas of a field. However, planting perennial crops in these vulnerable areas may result in complex field shapes which can decrease the machine routing efficiency reducing the economic benefits. Such decrease in logistic machinery efficiency reflects the more time spent on the field and the higher operation cost. This paper analyzed the time series data from switchgrass harvesting operations to show the correlation between field shape descriptors and machinery efficiency. By conducting regression analysis between field area and boundary shape descriptors, and the ratios between working time and total time in the field, we could show the relationship between machinery efficiency and the descriptors. The curb index served as a useful predictor of machinery efficiency and can be used to predict field efficiency based on field geometry, equipment coverage width, and the number of headland passes when empirical data cannot be collected. Such correlation is vital to calculate the cost of perennial crop machinery operations, and thus to estimate the cost-effectiveness of such crops in an integrated landscape design. The established relationship can be used in farm techno-economic analysis, as well as in designing fields that maximize the machinery efficiency given the field shape and in-field obstacles.",
author = "Griffel, {L. Michael} and Veronika Vazhnik and Damon Hartley and Hansen, {Jason K.} and Richard, {Thomas Lehman}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.13031/aim.201800440",
language = "English (US)",
note = "ASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting ; Conference date: 29-07-2018 Through 01-08-2018",

}

Griffel, LM, Vazhnik, V, Hartley, D, Hansen, JK & Richard, TL 2018, 'Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops: Field shape complexity defines the efficiency', Paper presented at ASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting, Detroit, United States, 7/29/18 - 8/1/18. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.201800440

Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops : Field shape complexity defines the efficiency. / Griffel, L. Michael; Vazhnik, Veronika; Hartley, Damon; Hansen, Jason K.; Richard, Thomas Lehman.

2018. Paper presented at ASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting, Detroit, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops

T2 - Field shape complexity defines the efficiency

AU - Griffel, L. Michael

AU - Vazhnik, Veronika

AU - Hartley, Damon

AU - Hansen, Jason K.

AU - Richard, Thomas Lehman

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Perennial crops can serve as a feedstock to produce biomaterials and biofuels while enhancing soil and water quality. Perennial crops can provide income from the biomass produced while also delivering valuable ecosystem services. Planting perennial crops benefit the farmer if placed along streams, on steep hillsides, and other environmentally vulnerable areas of a field. However, planting perennial crops in these vulnerable areas may result in complex field shapes which can decrease the machine routing efficiency reducing the economic benefits. Such decrease in logistic machinery efficiency reflects the more time spent on the field and the higher operation cost. This paper analyzed the time series data from switchgrass harvesting operations to show the correlation between field shape descriptors and machinery efficiency. By conducting regression analysis between field area and boundary shape descriptors, and the ratios between working time and total time in the field, we could show the relationship between machinery efficiency and the descriptors. The curb index served as a useful predictor of machinery efficiency and can be used to predict field efficiency based on field geometry, equipment coverage width, and the number of headland passes when empirical data cannot be collected. Such correlation is vital to calculate the cost of perennial crop machinery operations, and thus to estimate the cost-effectiveness of such crops in an integrated landscape design. The established relationship can be used in farm techno-economic analysis, as well as in designing fields that maximize the machinery efficiency given the field shape and in-field obstacles.

AB - Perennial crops can serve as a feedstock to produce biomaterials and biofuels while enhancing soil and water quality. Perennial crops can provide income from the biomass produced while also delivering valuable ecosystem services. Planting perennial crops benefit the farmer if placed along streams, on steep hillsides, and other environmentally vulnerable areas of a field. However, planting perennial crops in these vulnerable areas may result in complex field shapes which can decrease the machine routing efficiency reducing the economic benefits. Such decrease in logistic machinery efficiency reflects the more time spent on the field and the higher operation cost. This paper analyzed the time series data from switchgrass harvesting operations to show the correlation between field shape descriptors and machinery efficiency. By conducting regression analysis between field area and boundary shape descriptors, and the ratios between working time and total time in the field, we could show the relationship between machinery efficiency and the descriptors. The curb index served as a useful predictor of machinery efficiency and can be used to predict field efficiency based on field geometry, equipment coverage width, and the number of headland passes when empirical data cannot be collected. Such correlation is vital to calculate the cost of perennial crop machinery operations, and thus to estimate the cost-effectiveness of such crops in an integrated landscape design. The established relationship can be used in farm techno-economic analysis, as well as in designing fields that maximize the machinery efficiency given the field shape and in-field obstacles.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054157158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85054157158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.13031/aim.201800440

DO - 10.13031/aim.201800440

M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:85054157158

ER -

Griffel LM, Vazhnik V, Hartley D, Hansen JK, Richard TL. Machinery maneuvering efficiency and perennial crops: Field shape complexity defines the efficiency. 2018. Paper presented at ASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting, Detroit, United States. https://doi.org/10.13031/aim.201800440